Based on status and function, forests can be differentiated based on thefollowing types:
A forest is an area populated by large and small trees which are fullyutilised for the welfare of every person.
The state controls all forests within the territory of RDTL, including allnatural resources located within them, to be utilised for the welfare of the people.
A customary forest is a forest which is legally and or recognised by thestate as an area utilised by
(customary) communities and or
A productive forest is a forest whose basic function is to produce forestproducts.
A protected forest is a forest area whose basic function is to supportpreservation by preventing floods, erosion, seawater leakage, maintainsoil fertility and to regulate irrigation.
A conservation forest is a forest with special features whose basicfunction is to preserve the diversity of flora and fauna and theecosystem.
Control of forests by the state as referred to in clause
) gives authorityto the government to regulate and establish legal relationships betweenindividuals and the forest, and to regulate legal actions regarding theforests.
The government must consider the rights of
communities to the useof forests where such communities clearly still exist and their existence isrecognised and where it doesn’t conflict with the national interest.
SECTION IVPROTECTION AND PREVENTION OF FOREST DESTRUCTIONArticle 5