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25834500-Differential-Geometry-Reconstructed (1).pdf

25834500-Differential-Geometry-Reconstructed (1).pdf

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   D   i   f   f  e  r  e  n   t   i  a   l  g  e  o  m  e   t  r  y  r  e  c  o  n  s   t  r  u  c   t  e   d .   C  o  p  y  r   i  g   h   t   (   C   )   2   0   0   9 ,   A   l  a  n   U .   K  e  n  n   i  n  g   t  o  n .   A   l   l   R   i  g   h   t  s   R  e  s  e  r  v  e   d .   T   h  e  a  u   t   h  o  r   h  e  r  e   b  y  g  r  a  n   t  s  p  e  r  m   i  s  s   i  o  n   t  o  p  r   i  n   t   t   h   i  s   b  o  o   k   d  r  a   f   t   i  n   A   4   f  o  r  m  a   t .   P  r   i  n   t   i  n  g   i  n  a   l   l  o   t   h  e  r   f  o  r  m  a   t  s   i  s   f  o  r   b   i   d   d  e  n .   Y  o  u  m  a  y  n  o   t  c   h  a  r  g  e  a  n  y   f  e  e   f  o  r  c  o  p   i  e  s  o   f   t   h   i  s   b  o  o   k   d  r  a   f   t .
[i]
Alan U. Kennington
Differential geometry reconstructed
a unified systematic framework
First edition [work in progress]0123456 789
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[
www.topology.org/tex/conc/dg.html
] [draft: UTC 2009424 Friday 15:45]
 
   D   i   f   f  e  r  e  n   t   i  a   l  g  e  o  m  e   t  r  y  r  e  c  o  n  s   t  r  u  c   t  e   d .   C  o  p  y  r   i  g   h   t   (   C   )   2   0   0   9 ,   A   l  a  n   U .   K  e  n  n   i  n  g   t  o  n .   A   l   l   R   i  g   h   t  s   R  e  s  e  r  v  e   d .   T   h  e  a  u   t   h  o  r   h  e  r  e   b  y  g  r  a  n   t  s  p  e  r  m   i  s  s   i  o  n   t  o  p  r   i  n   t   t   h   i  s   b  o  o   k   d  r  a   f   t   i  n   A   4   f  o  r  m  a   t .   P  r   i  n   t   i  n  g   i  n  a   l   l  o   t   h  e  r   f  o  r  m  a   t  s   i  s   f  o  r   b   i   d   d  e  n .   Y  o  u  m  a  y  n  o   t  c   h  a  r  g  e  a  n  y   f  e  e   f  o  r  c  o  p   i  e  s  o   f   t   h   i  s   b  o  o   k   d  r  a   f   t .
[ii]Mathematics Subject Classification (MSC2000): 53–01
Library cataloguing data
Kennington, Alan Ulrich (1953-Differential geometry reconstructed:a unified systematic framework2009 516.3
First printing, April 2009 [work in progress] 
Copyright c
 2009, Alan U. Kennington.All rights reserved.The author hereby grants permission to print this book draft in A4 format.Printing in all other formats is forbidden.You may not charge any fee for copies of this book draft.This book was typeset by the author with the plain TEX typesetting system.The illustrations in this book were created with MetaPost.This book is available on the Internet:
 http://www.topology.org/tex/conc/dg.html
[
www.topology.org/tex/conc/dg.html
] [draft: UTC 2009424 Friday 15:45]
 
   D   i   f   f  e  r  e  n   t   i  a   l  g  e  o  m  e   t  r  y  r  e  c  o  n  s   t  r  u  c   t  e   d .   C  o  p  y  r   i  g   h   t   (   C   )   2   0   0   9 ,   A   l  a  n   U .   K  e  n  n   i  n  g   t  o  n .   A   l   l   R   i  g   h   t  s   R  e  s  e  r  v  e   d .   T   h  e  a  u   t   h  o  r   h  e  r  e   b  y  g  r  a  n   t  s  p  e  r  m   i  s  s   i  o  n   t  o  p  r   i  n   t   t   h   i  s   b  o  o   k   d  r  a   f   t   i  n   A   4   f  o  r  m  a   t .   P  r   i  n   t   i  n  g   i  n  a   l   l  o   t   h  e  r   f  o  r  m  a   t  s   i  s   f  o  r   b   i   d   d  e  n .   Y  o  u  m  a  y  n  o   t  c   h  a  r  g  e  a  n  y   f  e  e   f  o  r  c  o  p   i  e  s  o   f   t   h   i  s   b  o  o   k   d  r  a   f   t .
[iii]
Preface
This book should be suitable for fourth year university mathematics, physics and engineering students, or foranyone who has already learned differential geometry but has an uneasy feeling that they may have skimmedover a few too many fine points. The intention here is to replace intuition and hand-waving with a seamless,systematic exposition. However, this is only a definitions book, not a theorems book. The reader mustlook elsewhere for serious theorems and serious applications. But understanding definitions is obviously anenormously important part of understanding theorems and applications.The author wrote the first 112 pages of this book in early 1992 in Bonn on his AtariST computer. Afternine years of neglect, he wrote another 310 pages from August 2001 to November 2002. It is still a scruffy“work in progress” scrapbook, but it may be ready for a first printing some time in 2009. Then there shouldbe one or two printings every year thereafter.Right now, this book looks more like a construction site than a finished building. With some imagination,you may be able to conjure up a vision of the finished work through the scaffolding. Material is being addedand rewritten in many chapters and sections simultaneously. The creative process for producing this bookis illustrated in the following diagram. All processes are happening concurrently.booksreadideasbrainwritenotesdesktypeTEX filesworkstationuploadPostScriptfilesweb serverdownloadInternetThe current strategy is to first type in all of my hand-written notes during the “ideas capture phase”. Thenduring the “consolidation phase”, everything will be made neat, tidy, comprehensible and coherent. Thebook is being assembled like a jigsaw puzzle. Some of the pieces are fitting together nicely already, butmost pieces are in disorganized heaps. Many pieces are still in the box waiting to be thrown on the table.Sometimes new pieces must be crafted by hand. It’s like moving into a new house. First you dump all theboxes on the floor; then you must put everything where it belongs. Inconsistencies, repetition, self-indulgenceand frivolity will be progressively removed. All of the theorems will be proved. All of the exercises will besolved. Formative chaos will yield to serene order. It won’t happen overnight, but it will happen.April 2009 Dr. Alan U. KenningtonMelbourne, VictoriaAustralia
Disclaimer
The author of this book disclaims any express or implied guarantee of the fitness of this book for any purpose.In no event shall the author of this book be held liable for any direct, indirect, incidental, special, exemplary,or consequential damages (including, but not limited to, procurement of substitute services; loss of use, data,or profits; or business interruption) however caused and on any theory of liability, whether in contract, strictliability, or tort (including negligence or otherwise) arising in any way out of the use of this book, even if advised of the possibility of such damage.
Biography
The author was born in England in 1953 to a German mother and Irish father. The family migrated in 1963to Adelaide, South Australia. The author graduated from the University of Adelaide in 1984 with a Ph.D.in mathematics. He was a tutor at University of Melbourne in 1984, research assistant at the AustralianNational University (Canberra) in early 1985, Assistant Professor at University of Kentucky for the 1985/86academic year, and visiting researcher at the University of Heidelberg, Germany, in 1986/87. From 1987 to2007, the author carried out research and development of communications and information technologies inAustralia, Germany and the Netherlands.
[
www.topology.org/tex/conc/dg.html
] [draft: UTC 2009424 Friday 15:45]