You know that the best you can expect is to avoid the worst
CLIMATE CHANGE IS NORMAL IN THE COURSE OF THINGSThe
temperature for the earth is very hot and little or no permanent ice. As lifehas evolved, the earth has trended toward cooler temperatures. Past climate historyis that with little or no warning, there have been “dramatic shifts in temperature,storminess, and precipitation.”
Climate is essentially “a precariously balanced non-linear system that lurches between very different states of coldness, dryness, wetness,and warmth.”There are many interacting climate processes that cause “a warm world of ﬂowingwater and verdant growth to become a cold world of dry winds and aridlandscapes.”
Greenhouse gases let visible light and ultraviolet radiation from thesun reach the earth’s surface, but absorb some of the infrared radiation reﬂected back to space, thus heating the earth’s atmosphere. Without the global warming effect of the greenhouse gas CO2, the surface temperature of the earth would be ~0 degrees F,rather than its present average of 59 degrees F. Without the cooling effect of photo-synthesis, especially the phytoplankton in the oceans, the earth would overheat and be uninhabitable by humans.ANTHROPOGENIC CARBON EMISSIONS ARE NOT NORMALPresently, human activity adds ~8.2 billion tons of carbon into the atmosphere annu-ally from all sources. Of this amount, the seas presently absorb 40%; therefore 4.4 bil-lion tons are added to the atmosphere annually. Today, there is ~880 billion tons of carbon in the atmosphere. Scientists believe that 935 billion tons may be the tippingpoint beyond which the earth will experience runaway warming as it has in past cli-mate cycles during the earth’s history. At the current rate of carbon emissions, wewill reach 935 billion tons by 2020.Accounting for both direct and indirect annual CO2 produced from consumption nomatter where products were produced: U.S. accounts for 50% of annual anthropo-genic CO2; Europe 35%. The breakdown of carbon accountability by region is as fol-lows: U.S. and Australia = 5.5 tons of carbon/year per person; European countries =3 tons per person; China = 1 ton per person; India = 0.5 ton per person.
CLIMATE CHANGE DECARBONIZING PLAN
LYLE A. BRECHT 410.963.8680 DRAFT 1.4 CAPITAL MARKETS RESEARCH --- Wednesday, October 14, 2009 Page 1 of 3
If on a Winter’s Night a Traveler
(1979) inWilliam Poundstone,
(New York: Doubleday, 1992), 53.
Frozen Earth: The Once and Future Story of Ice Ages
(Berkeley: University of California Press, 2004), 141, 227.
John D. Cox,
Climate Crash: Abrupt Climate Change and What It Means for Our Future
(Washing-ton, DC: Joseph Henry Press, 2005), 65, 183.