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Mongol Empire

Mongol Empire

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Published by TIHAN EUSEBIU
The aim of this encyclopedia is to cover both the history and culture of the Mongolian peoples and of the Mongol Empire in the 13th and 14th centuries. While many see Mongol history simply as an outward explosion of a vast empire that left little legacy, the story of Mongol history and culture is also one of a people and heritage that developed from prehistory to the present on the same windswept plateau. In this encyclopedia the article on history surveys Mongolian history and the various interpretations of it.
The Mongols of today are descendants, however, of those who remained in East Asia during the Mongols’ Yuan dynasty. After 1368 those Mongols who had remained nomads in the heartland were joined by those expelled from China. Over the following centuries these Mongols created a unique culture of Buddhist nomads, receiving influences from Tibet, China, and the hunting peoples of Siberia and Manchuria and synthesizing them with their own pastoral nomadic traditions. For the Mongols of today, the culture of the empire period is only the beginning of their national history, one that continues in succeeding dynasties and confederations: the Northern Yuan, the Oirats, Zünghars, the Khalkha, and others.
Articles on the Eight White Yurts, the 17th-century chronicles, Buddhist fine arts, the Second Conversion to Buddhism, and the great lineages of the “living Buddhas”
give an orientation to the cultural and religious developments of this era.
I present this encyclopedia to the reading public with great trepidation, aware that I have attempted to cover a vast topic with only limited powers. My only justification
Introduction is that such a single-volume reference work on Mongolia, the Mongol peoples, and the Mongol Empire has long
been a desideratum.
The aim of this encyclopedia is to cover both the history and culture of the Mongolian peoples and of the Mongol Empire in the 13th and 14th centuries. While many see Mongol history simply as an outward explosion of a vast empire that left little legacy, the story of Mongol history and culture is also one of a people and heritage that developed from prehistory to the present on the same windswept plateau. In this encyclopedia the article on history surveys Mongolian history and the various interpretations of it.
The Mongols of today are descendants, however, of those who remained in East Asia during the Mongols’ Yuan dynasty. After 1368 those Mongols who had remained nomads in the heartland were joined by those expelled from China. Over the following centuries these Mongols created a unique culture of Buddhist nomads, receiving influences from Tibet, China, and the hunting peoples of Siberia and Manchuria and synthesizing them with their own pastoral nomadic traditions. For the Mongols of today, the culture of the empire period is only the beginning of their national history, one that continues in succeeding dynasties and confederations: the Northern Yuan, the Oirats, Zünghars, the Khalkha, and others.
Articles on the Eight White Yurts, the 17th-century chronicles, Buddhist fine arts, the Second Conversion to Buddhism, and the great lineages of the “living Buddhas”
give an orientation to the cultural and religious developments of this era.
I present this encyclopedia to the reading public with great trepidation, aware that I have attempted to cover a vast topic with only limited powers. My only justification
Introduction is that such a single-volume reference work on Mongolia, the Mongol peoples, and the Mongol Empire has long
been a desideratum.

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Published by: TIHAN EUSEBIU on Feb 07, 2014
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04/12/2015

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Encyclopedia of
mongolia and the mongol empire
Christopher P. Atwood
Indiana University,Bloomington
 
Encyclopedia of Mongolia and the Mongol Empire
Copyright © 2004 by Christopher P. AtwoodAll rights reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced or utilized in any form orby any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, or by anyinformation storage or retrieval systems, without permission in writing from thepublisher. For information contact:Facts On File, Inc.132 West 31st StreetNew York NY 10001
Libraryof Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data
Atwood, Christopher Pratt, 1964–Encyclopedia of Mongolia and the Mongol empire/Christopher P.Atwood.p. cm.Includes bibliographical references and index.ISBN 0-8160-4671-9 (hardcover) ISBN 978-1-4381-2922-8 (e-book)1. Mongolia—Encyclopedias. I. Title.DS798.4.A88 2004951.7’3’003—dc222003061696Facts On File books are available at special discounts when purchased in bulk quanti-ties for businesses, associations, institutions, or sales promotions. Please call ourSpecial Sales Department in New York at (212) 967-8800 or (800) 322-8755.You can find Facts On File on the World Wide Web at http://www.factsonfile.comText design by Joan M. ToroCover design by Cathy RinconMaps by Dale WilliamsPrinted in the United States of AmericaVBHermitage10987654321This book is printed on acid-free paper.
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