breeding methods can be very time consuming and are often not very accurate.
, on the other hand, can create lants with the e"act desired trait very raidly and with great accuracy. or e"amle, lant geneticists can isolate a
resonsible for drought tolerance and insert that gene into a different lant. -he new genetically'modified lant will gain drought tolerance as well. Not only can genes be transferred from one lant to another, but genes from non'lant organisms also can be used. -he best !nown e"amle of this is the use of /.t. genes in corn and other cros. /.t., or
, is a naturally occurring bacterium that roduces crystal roteins that are lethal to insect larvae. /.t. crystal rotein genes have been transferred into corn, enabling the corn to roduce its own esticides against insects such as the uroean corn borer.
!hat are $ome of the ad&anta"e$ of GM food$%
-he world oulation has toed 0 billion eole and is redicted to double in the ne"t 12 years. nsuring an adeuate food suly for this booming oulation is going to be a ma3or challenge in the years to come. GM foods romise to meet this need in a number of ways4
4Cro losses from insect ests can be staggering, resulting in devastating financial loss for farmers and starvation in develoing countries. armers tyically use many tons of chemical esticides annually. Consumers do not wish to eat food that has been treated with esticides because of otential health haards, and run'off of agricultural wastes from e"cessive use of esticides and fertiliers can oison the water suly and cause harm to the environment. Growing GM foods such as /.t. corn can hel eliminate the alication of chemical esticides and reduce the cost of bringing a cro to mar!et.
or some cros, it is not cost'effective to remove weeds by hysical means such as tilling, so farmers will often sray large uantities of different herbicides (weed'!iller) to destroy weeds, a time'consuming and e"ensive rocess, that reuires care so that the herbicide doesn5t harm the cro lant or the environment. Cro lants genetically'engineered to be resistant to one very owerful herbicide could hel revent environmental damage by reducing the amount of herbicides needed. or e"amle, Monsanto has created a strain of soybeans genetically modified to be not affected by their herbicide roduct 6oundu . A farmer grows these soybeans which then only reuire one alication of weed'!iller instead of multile alications, reducing roduction cost and limiting the dangers of agricultural waste run'off.