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Chapter11 Locomotion Support

Chapter11 Locomotion Support

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Published by zulnox5

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Published by: zulnox5 on Oct 03, 2009
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11/20/2013

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e
ability of
af
organ
sn
lo
mole
lrom
anorher
is
ca
led
o.omorion.
TOCOMOTION
AND SUPPORT
and
Locomotion
Axial
skeleton
Appendicrlar
a
hropDds
l,nseds
aud
stu.rures
nom damacerhe
bodyshape,suppotuL2sepaEred
f
rom
each other
.
supportshumanbodyin
r
enc
oses
andprotects
the
attactrmentfortheribs,
PectoralEirdle
i+6@.
::ff::"J:,"","'phatanses-{;
Scapula
lshould€r
blade)
r
situated
nlhe
posler
or
Skull
,
prc1ed!r,e
!ni
i.€i
a
bonesi
0r
rhe
G!0
Gro,yand
d
ged
re
wrst/
Narpus
cons
srs
013
.
rrones
o,lhe
lrMeGr
Frdk:140,
3
ohar esiorotherrin@s
----l
@chhand
of
ihe
anbior
rhom.i.
rccion
t22
 
aGut
verrebrarteria,cana,
C'@
Problems
Facedin
Support
'
Fcsstdnc€
whei
nr.vfg
i
th. walertrh
ch
s
visc.rs
l
otof.fforr
s
requ
red
rocvercom.
gralit:t
on.
force
"hen
mov ng
arolnrl
n a
r
1,1
!
-:
t!
lpx
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(5546e0
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L23
I
Anormarvertebr.
rrasa
ceitrunr
an
oDen
rg
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canaard
pfo.csses.
mo
ffi
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(4
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.',
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'ill
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lumbosacral
articular
surrace
I
\,
l]l|-.,d'tr\
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l.,,,r
sl.ongestvedebrae
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The
processesare
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Bones
are
1oo
tough
and
€nnot
bend
wiihoul
being
loints areformedbylexible
connective
tissue to
hold
the
bones
together
and
a
low anymovement-
loini
isrhe
placewhere twoor
more bones
meetand
are
he
d
together
by
lgaments.
Ansvel
holds
the
bones
together
touChsheets of
elasticfib.esconnects
boneto
bone
-
allowsthemovemenband
prevents
thedislocation
oi
the
ointd!rinamovementA
typical
synovial
joint
-
an
enclosure
reinJorced
by igamenG
.
ls
strengthenedwith licamentsobknof'hehurua
brjoid
Knee
joints
(Hinge
ioints)lO
ciY.
n
exrmPh
orrFn
or'bois
'rr
hs 6s
'rPc
dfioitr'
"---'
Ball'and_socket
jolnG
'
:llow
tlie
bones
to
otate
.
a
]
-
allow the sw nging
or
arms and legs
inacircular motion
loints
.
There
are manytypes
ofjoints.
.
Mostjoints
connectboneswnh
.
0ifierentkindsoijointsare
important
in
dilierent molemenis.
1.-_.'./
found
ln
the
e
bows,
and
phaanges
oi
allow the
lower
eeb
swine back
and
between
thetumur afd
the
pelvic
gid
e,
ihe
shoulder
joint
berween
the
humerus
allowthe
movement of
bones
Skeletal
muscles
made up
or
bundlesor muscle
fbres
producevo
untary
moveff
ents
oi
'
inteEct
with
at
east
tlvo bones
across lhe
joints-though
the tendons
operate
as
evers
afd
coFlractwhenreceivl.gnerve
mpulsesfrombra
n
produce
movements
by
exening
the
force
to
pu
lon thetendons
that are
musc es
mlst
work in
pans
a.tagonistmusclesare
muscleswhich
workin
opposition,
i.e,
whe.
one
muscle conlracts,
ihe
other muscle
relaxestheexample
ol
an
aniagon
st c
pairof
muscles ls biceps and
lriceps wlilch
ls used
in
strajghtenidgand
bend
nethe
arm
t6rv
li}
9i;
r'1:tll
 :/.-.-!--'
'
--'-"
:\
--'
-'
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:
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li1-r
'
";,
.;-"--t7
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724

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