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[Psilocybin]Magic Mushrooms of Australia & org

[Psilocybin]Magic Mushrooms of Australia & org

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Published by Craig Ohlsen

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Published by: Craig Ohlsen on Oct 03, 2009
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06/09/2010

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DISCLAIMER
The author and publishers of this guide do not condone or condemn those who areseeking an alternative state of consciousness. However, we feel that thisinformation should be provided freely for those individuals who feel a need to studythe various aspects of entheogenic mind-altering fungi which occur in Australia andNew Zealand. It is not the intention of the writer nor the publisher that this guide isto be used for the purpose of the illicit human consumption of said described fungi.ISBN: 158214-098-7Copyright 1999 by John W. AllenAll photographs are by John W. Allen except Psilocybe aucklandii and Psilocybeaustraliana By C.J. King, Gymnopilus purpuratus by Jochen Gartz, and Psilocybesubaeruginosa by R.V. Southcott.
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INTRODUCTION
Mind-altering (psilocybine containing) mushrooms have been traditionally used in religious healing and curing ceremonies by nativepeoples in Mesoamerica for more than 3,000 years. Today, the recreational use of hallucinogenic fungi by Westerners is widespread,especially in various regions of the United States, Canada, Mexico, Caribbean, Great Britain, Europe (especially in the Netherlands),Scandinavia, South America, Southeast Asia, India, Bali, Samoa; Australia and New Zealand. The modern, non-traditional use ofhallucinogenic mushrooms has been stimulated, by media reports in newspapers, magazines, word-of-mouth communication, theWorld Wide Web and Internet, and also by the scholarly and popular journal publications of the renown ethnomycologist R. GordonWasson, (Harvard psychologist Timothy Leary, traveler Jeremy Sanford, health guru Andrew Weil, and others (see Allen , Merlin &Jansen, 1991).This field guide reviews the history of both the accidental and purposeful use of psychoactive mushrooms in Australia and NewZealand. Information in this guide has been gathered from personal experiences in Australia by the author and from reports in thescientific literature, news items appearing in the popular press, and personal communications with Australian and New Zealand (NZ)professionals (Unsigned 1970; O'Neill, 1986).Furthermore, descriptions of both the physical and mental effects resulting from both the accidental and deliberate ingestion of somespecies of psychoactive mushrooms in Australia and New Zealand during the past 50 years is discussed.There are more than 1 dozen species of "magic mushrooms" in Australia and NewZealand. Four of these species are dung (manure) inhabiting mushrooms. They includePsilocybe cubensis and/or Psilocybe subcubensis (known locally as "gold caps" and/or"gold tops"), Psilocybe subaeruginosa, and Copelandia cyanescens (the latter is knownlocally as "blue meanies"). These four species contain the mind altering alkaloidspsilocybine and psilocine and are the most common hallucinogenic mushrooms inAustralia. In New Zealand, the most commonly used species are Copelandia cyanescensand Psilocybe semilanceata, the latter species is recognized throughout the world as the"liberty cap"). This species only occurs in manured soil and does not grow directly fromthe dung of cattle, sheep or other four legged farm animals. Psilocybe cubensis the mostpopular of these species, is well known throughout much of the world; however, thisspecies is not known to occur in New Zealand.Other species described in this guide are known to occur in manured soil, in pastures, meadows, grazing lands, some lawns and in

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