President Ra:apa6sa celebrated the destruction o! the 5TTE, triu$phal, in ?ay o! 2008"
The Failure of R2P in Sri Lanka
<ith the eception o! 'ri 5an6an state denials, there is no& near !ull acceptance that 'ri 5an6a &as responsible !or the co$$ission o! atrocities particularly in the !inal $onths o! the &ar" The A Panel o! Eperts report !ro$ ?arch 2012 puts the ci#ilian death toll at a $ini$u$ o! 40,000"-;. The o#e$ber 2012 nternal Re#ie& Panel Report, the Petrie* report, re!erences credible reports* that ci#ilian casualties &ere as $any as 70,000"-.The nternational o$$unity has reco%niCed its o&n !ailures in 2008D the Petrie report detailed both the etent o! 6no&led%e o! the cri$es perpetrated by the 'ri 5an6an state a%ainst its citiCens and the lac6 o! international action in the !ace o! such 6no&led%e" t &as not a &ar &ithout &itness, but a &ar &here a decision &as $ade not to bear &itness" ?ore recently, ?adeleine " lbri%ht and Richard '" <illia$son, in their capacity as cochairs o! the <or6in% %roup on the R2P, obser#ed
+Tens o! thousands o! Ta$il ci#ilians died at the end o! the 'ri 5an6an ci#il &ar &ith little international outcry or e!!ecti#e A response"-7. 'ri 5an6a is thus an ea$ple o! R2P +double $ani!est !ailureD a !ailure to protect on the part o! both the state and the international co$$unity"-9.ountless reports attest to the #ast hu$an ri%hts abuses that ha#e been co$$itted in the island since 2008" The A u$an Ri%hts ouncil (R) has t&ice passed resolutions on 'ri 5an6a in 201= and 2012 epressin% concern at the hu$an ri%hts #iolations, at
en!orced disappearances, etra:udicial 6illin%s, torture and #iolations o! the ri%hts to !reedo$ o! epression, association and peace!ul asse$bly, as &ell as inti$idation o! and reprisals a%ainst hu$an ri%hts de!enders, $e$bers o! ci#il society and :ournalists, threats to :udicial independence and the rule o! la&, and discri$ination on the basis o! reli%ion or belie!"-8.The ouncil ur%ed 'ri 5an6a to brin% itsel! to account"Gespite the o#er&hel$in% e#idence o! 'ri 5an6an state responsibility !or cri$es a%ainst nternational u$anitarian and u$an Ri%hts 5a&, atte$pts to brin% the 'ri 5an6an state and its o!!icials to account are !rustrated on $ultiple le#els" Go$estically