Zahid Nazir Roll# AB523655 Page | 3
“Information system means an interconnected set of informationresources under the same direct management control that sharescommon functionality.” A system normally includes hardware, software, information, data,application, communication, and people. It is also defined as anorganized collection, storage, and presentation system of data and otherknowledge for decision making, progress reporting, and for planningand evaluation of programs that can be either manual or computerized,or a combination of both.Typically, data is first collected and transformed into a form that issuitable for processing as the input. Then, data is processed andtransformed into information which finally is stored for future use instorage, or communicated to its users as output according to correctprocessing procedures. For example, a person walks into a sundry shopand buys a newspaper, a magazine, a bottled drink and ice cream. Atthe cashier counter, the shopkeeper keys in the prices of all the fouritems bought into a calculator. After adding them up, he gets the totalamount to be collected and informs you about it.The calculator is only part of an information system. In fact, it is actuallypart of a manual information system that comprises of the calculator, theshopkeeper and the prices of items bought. This manual informationsystem may look simple but it can handle information management inthe sundry shop. It inputs data and then processes then into accurateinformation. It then delivers the information or the output at the timerequired, to the shopkeeper who is an end-user.