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A Survey of Archaeological Sites Near Guaymas, Sonora

A Survey of Archaeological Sites Near Guaymas, Sonora

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Published by: Alberto Duran Iniestra on Feb 09, 2014
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A Survey of Archaeological Sites near Guaymas, SonoraAuthor(s): Thomas BowenSource:
Kiva,
Vol. 31, No. 1 (Oct., 1965), pp. 14-36Published by:
Stable URL:
Accessed: 19/01/2011 19:05
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FIG. 1. The Sonoran coastline. Dotted area indicates area of survey.
14
 
A SURVEY OF ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITES NEAR GUAYMAS, SONORA
THOMAS BOWEN
DEPT. OF ANTHROPOLOGY, UNIVERSITY OF COLORADO ABSTRACT
An archaeological urvey of the Guaymas, Sonora vicinity evealed 27 aboriginal habitation ites rep- resenting t least three occupation patterns. The sites yielded urface emains f masonry tructures, pottery, round tone, nd chipped tone. A Gypsum Cave point and a possible Borax Lake point were collected. This is substantially arther outh than either oint ype has previously een reported. he sites and artifacts ndicate long continuous ccu- pation of the area by peoples not n the mainstream of Meso-American nd Southwestern nfluence. INTRODUCTION Northwestern exico has long been poorly known archaeo- logically. ituated between he ucrative omains f the American Southwest and Middle America, t has received only sporadic attention while extensive reconnaissance nd excavation were being conducted both to the south and to the north. The need to understand he archaeology f the region ying between these two cultural provinces has become increasingly cute. Lister (1960) presents a summary of the field work which has been undertaken n northwestern Mexico, therefore he details will not be repeated here. Suffice t to say that the earliest serious reports of the ruins in this area are by Bandelier (1892) and Lumholtz 1902). These reconnaissances were followed by nearly a thirty ear gap, finally roken by the studies of such investi- gators as Amsden (1928) and Sauer and Brand (1931). The area of concern n this study centers on the central Sonoran coast (Fig. 1), a region which has received even less
attention than other portions of northwestern Mexico. To date, only a few small surveys and no excavations have been conducted
here, although few small-scale operations have provided ome information bout adjacent northern onora. Of the latter, Ezell (1954) has surveyed the northwestern ortion of Papagueria including orthwest onora, Gifford 1946) has noted briefly ome shell deposits ear Puento Pefiasco, nd Hayden has been carrying on numerous tudies n the Pinacate (Ives 1964: 37). To the east, Trincheras remains have been surveyed by Hinton (1955) and excavated by Johnson 1963). 15

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