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Common Channel Signaling Nr 7 (CCS7)

Common Channel Signaling Nr 7 (CCS7)

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Published by mkvaisakh

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Categories:Types, Brochures
Published by: mkvaisakh on Oct 04, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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12/10/2012

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© Rka S-2003 Signaling Protocols 12 - 1
Common Channel Signaling Nr 7 (CCS7)
Limitation of analogue signaling systems
Basic definitions for CCS7
CCS7 Requirements
Functional Structure
MTP and SCCP
User Parts
Strengths and weaknesses
CCS7 is a
message based 
,
multi-layer network to network 
signaling system designed for fully digital exchanges.
© Rka S-2003 Signaling Protocols 12 - 2
Summary of course scope
CAS, R2V5ISDNPABXANCCS7SCPIPINAPMAPHLR/ HSSIP
H.323 orSIPSIP orISUP
ISUP
Control Partof an ExchangeOrCall ProcessingServer
   D   i  a  m  e  t  e  r
Megaco/MGCP/…
circuitpackets
Media Gatewayor Switching Fabric
 
© Rka S-2003 Signaling Protocols 12 - 3
 Limitations of Analogue signaling
Limited set of signals --> limited set of services
Always bound to the voice path --> architecturallimitation.
Difficult to change anything in an established callbecause registers have been released and voicechannel is reserved for voice.
Slow --> uneconomical use of network resources.
MF requires special equipment - Only recentlygeneral purpose DSPs have become powerful and costefficient enough.
HDLC on silicon --> processing hdlc frames andmessages is simple and efficient on any computer.
© Rka S-2003 Signaling Protocols 12 - 4
 Does CCS7 remove all limitations?
Digital messages --> unlimited signal set: e.g. 2
100
different signals can easily be devised.
Common signaling channel for many voice channels(out-of-band) --> signaling is not, in principle, bound tocalls nor voice/information channels. Signaling cancontinue during the call.
Message round-trip delay on a 64kbit/s channel is
50ms. --> post dialling delay until ringing tone approacheszero.
Makes use of HDLC -protocol framing and principles.
 
© Rka S-2003 Signaling Protocols 12 - 5
 Basis of CCS7 is the signaling network - a special kind of  data network.
Signaling Point (SP) with signalingtransfer and routing functionsSP without signalingtransfer functionsExamle: In Finnish CCS7 no specialized STP -nodes were originally deployed. STPfunctions were integrated in exchanges. In USA, China etc, specialized STP-nodes arecommonplace.
Signaling link 
STP
Origination PointDestination Point
OP - Origination point of signalingDP - Destination pointSTP - signaling transfer point
© Rka S-2003 Signaling Protocols 12 - 6
 Key definitions for CCS7 
CCS7 Signaling network Signaling link Signaling Point
signaling point code
Signaling link set
Attached to
1...n
2
1...n
Signaling Point 
is a logical entity, e.g. in an exchangethere can be one or more SPs. In one CCS7 signaling network an exchange will, however, have only one
Signaling Point Code

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