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Biology Form5 - Locomotion and Support

Biology Form5 - Locomotion and Support

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Published by Heon

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Published by: Heon on Oct 04, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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04/10/2015

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Biology form5Biology form5
Chapter 2 : Locomotion and supportChapter 2 : Locomotion and support
2.3 Support in Plants2.3 Support in Plants2.2 Appreciating a Healthy Musculoskeletal System2.2 Appreciating a Healthy Musculoskeletal System2.1 Support and Locomotion in Humans and Animals2.1 Support and Locomotion in Humans and Animals
hsleonhs@hotmail.comhsleonhs@hotmail.com
 
2.1 Support and Locomotion in Humans and Animals2.1 Support and Locomotion in Humans and Animals
ExoskeletonExoskeleton
-enclosed the bodies of -enclosed the bodies of arthropods (insects andarthropods (insects andcrabs)crabs)-supports the important-supports the importantinternal organs and protectsinternal organs and protectsthe internal structures fromthe internal structures fromdamagedamage-thin and flexible at joints-thin and flexible at joints-on a process called ecdysis,-on a process called ecdysis,the insects shed their the insects shed their skeleton to increase inskeleton to increase in size
EndoskeletonEndoskeleton
-found in all vertebrates-found in all vertebrates-hardbskeleton of bones are-hardbskeleton of bones aremade up of phosphate andmade up of phosphate andcalciumcalcium-important to maintain the-important to maintain thebody shape, supports the softbody shape, supports the softbody tissues and protects thebody tissues and protects theinternal organs from gettinginternal organs from gettinginjuredinjured-certain parts of endoskeleton-certain parts of endoskeletonstores mineralsstores minerals
HydrostaticHydrostatic
-consists of internal fluids in-consists of internal fluids inthe confined body cavitythe confined body cavity-the fluid is held under -the fluid is held under pressure in compartmentspressure in compartmentssurrounded by musclessurrounded by muscles-maintains the shape of soft--maintains the shape of soft-bodied organisms,such asbodied organisms,such ashydra sp, earthworm and seahydra sp, earthworm and seaanemonesanemones
SkeletonSkeleton
LocomotionLocomotion
hsleonhs@hotmail.comhsleonhs@hotmail.com
 
Axial SkeletonAxial SkeletonAppendicular Appendicular SkeletonSkeleton _____________  _____________ 
The structure of a jointThe structure of a jointHow movement isHow movement isbrought in a limbbrought in a limbThe structure of aThe structure of amusclemuscleConsequences of impaired musculoskeletonConsequences of impaired musculoskeletonsystem on support and locomotionsystem on support and locomotion
hsleonhs@hotmail.comhsleonhs@hotmail.com

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