Oxy Vinyls, LP
Occidental Tower5005 LBJ FreewayDallas, Texas 75244877/699-8465
: The information presented herein, while not guaranteed, was prepared bytechnical personnel and is true and accurate to the best of our knowledge. No warranty orguarantee, express or implied, is made regarding performance, stability or otherwise. Thisinformation is not intended to be all-inclusive as the manner and conditions of use, handling,storage and other factors may involve other or additional safety or performanceconsiderations. While our technical personnel will be happy to respond to questionsregarding safe handling and use procedures, safe handling and use remains theresponsibility of the customer. No suggestions for use are intended as, and nothing hereinshall be construed as a recommendation to infringe any existing patents or to violate anyFederal, State or local laws.
Ingredients Used in Rigid PVC Compounding
Although PVC is a very versatile polymer, proper compounding and good lubricant balance are critical inobtaining good machine and end product properties.
PVC resin is available in a wide range of molecular weights. In the United States, the molecular weight isexpressed as inherent viscosity (I.V.); in Europe it is expressed as K value, in Japan it is the degree ofpolymerization. Commercial PVC resins available range from an I.V. of .50 to 1.15 (K value, 47 to 76). Thehigher the I.V., the higher the molecular weight and the greater the stiffness. Below is a table showing I.V. vs.equipment and end use.
Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) is a heat and light sensitive material. It degrades by dehydrochlorination andoxidation. This can be seen by the development of color in PVC. In chemical terms, formation of conjugateddouble bonds causes the color change. PVC compounds experienced heat history in mixing cycles,extrusion/molding, embossing, thermoforming, laminating and scrap rework. Oxidation products occur byexposure to weathering. The job of the stabilizer is to delay heat degradation so that the compound can beformed into a product before it degrades. The stabilizer does this job by absorption of hydrogen chloride,displacement of active chloride atoms, free radical scavenging, disruption of double bond formation,deactivation of degradation by products, peroxide decomposition and ultraviolet energy absorption.Stabilizers in pipe extrusion are used mainly to process the PVC through the hot hostile environment of theextruder. They do not significantly affect shelf life or weatherability except in so-called “weatherable”compounds. In these weatherable compounds, the amount of stabilizer is five to seven times the level in pipe,and stabilizers do have a positive effect on weatherability. A given recipe, even with high levels of titaniumdioxide, will have less weatherability at half the normal level of stabilizer. Any changes in level or supplier ofstabilizers should be checked for weatherability before complete changeover has been made.
Technical Report #5
I.V. RangeProcessEnd Use
0.05 - 0.65Injection moldingVery complicated molded end use0.65 - 0.85Injection moldingPipe fittings, monofilamenst, sheet, film, profiles, cellularand extrusion0.85 - 0.98ExtrusionPipe, siding, sheet, film, profiles, flexible window profiles0.98 - 1.16ExtrusionComplicated profiles, profiles, flexible, wire and cable