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Reliability and Reliability Coefficient

Reliability and Reliability Coefficient

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Acceptance sampling involves sampling inspection by a purchaser who has to decide whether to accept a shipment of product. Thus, the objective of acceptance sampling is either to accept or to reject the product. It does not attempt to control the quality during the manufacturing process.
Acceptance sampling involves sampling inspection by a purchaser who has to decide whether to accept a shipment of product. Thus, the objective of acceptance sampling is either to accept or to reject the product. It does not attempt to control the quality during the manufacturing process.

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02/10/2014

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Statistics

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Subject: Statistics

Reliability and Reliability oefficient

Acceptance sampling involves sampling inspection by a purchaser who has to decide whether to accept a shipment of product. Thus, the objective of acceptance sampling is either to accept or to reject the product. It does not attempt to control the quality during the manufacturing process. This is altogether a different approach from what has been followed in control charts discussed earlier. A major advantage of acceptance sampling is that it can motivate suppliers to improve the quality of their items. The basic idea of reliability is summed up by the word consistency. Researchers can and do evaluate the reliability of their instruments from different perspectives but the basic question that cuts across these various perspectives (and techniques) is alwa
ys the same: “To what extent can we say that the data are consistent?” As you will see, the way in which reliability is conceptualized by researchers can take one of three basic forms. In some studies, researchers ask, “To what degree does a person’s measured performance remain consistent across repeated testing’s?” In other studies, the question of interest takes a slightly different form: “To what extent does the individual
items that go together to make up a test or an inventory consistently measures the same underlying
characteristic?” In still other studies, the concern over reliability is expressed in the question, “How much consistency is there among the ratings provided by a group of raters?” Despite the differences
among these three questions, the notion of consistency is at the heart of the matter in each case.
Different statistical procedures have been developed to assess the degree to which a researcher’s
data are reliable, and we will consider some of the more frequently used procedures in a moment. Before doing that, however, I want to point out how the different procedures are similar. Besides dealing, in one way or another, with the concept of consistency, each of the reliability techniques leads to a single numerical index. Called a reliability coefficient, this descriptive summary of the
data’s consistency normally assumes a value somewhere between 0.00 and +1.00, with these two “end points” representing situations where consistency is either totally absent or totally present.

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The Homework solutions from Classof1 are intended to help students understand the approach to solving the problem and not for submitting the same in lieu of their academic submissions for grades.
Subject: Statistics

In many studies, a researcher measures a single group of people (or animals or things) twice with
the same measuring instrument, with the two testing’s separated by a period of time. The interval
of time may be as short as one day or it can be as long as a year or more. Regardless of the length of
time between the two testing’s, the researcher simply correlates the two sets of scores to find out
how much consistency is in the data. The resulting correlation coefficient is simply renamed the test
retest reliability coefficient. With a test
retest approach to reliability, the resulting coefficient addresses the issue of consistency, or stability, over time. For this reason, the test
retest reliability coefficient is frequently referred to as the coefficient of stability. With most characteristics, the degree of stability decreases as the interval between test and retest increases. For this reason, high coefficients of stability are more impressive when the time interval is longer. If a researcher does not indicate the
length of time between the two testing’s, then the claims made about stability must
be taken with a grain of salt. Stability is not very convincing if a trait remains stable for only an hour.