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LH Atoms - Teacher Notes

LH Atoms - Teacher Notes

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Published by 4455445544
protons, neutrons, electrons
protons, neutrons, electrons

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Published by: 4455445544 on Oct 05, 2009
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10/09/2011

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Life’s Hierarchy
atom:
An atom is the smallest part of a chemicalelement that has all the properties of thatelement.
Examples of different atoms:
Carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen
Picture
: Oxygen AtomHistory:1808 John Dalton proposed his theory that allelements are made of atoms that cannot bedivided or destroyed. John Dalton: is credited with proposing
atomic theory
which is atheoryof thenature of matter, which states that matter iscomposed of discrete units calledatoms, asopposed to obsolete beliefs that matter couldbe divided into any arbitrarily small quantity.
Dalton's Atomic Theory
1) All matter is made of atoms. Atoms areindivisible and indestructible.2) All atoms of a given element are identical inmass and properties3) Compounds are formed by a combination of twoor more different kinds of atoms.4) A chemical reaction is a
rearrangement 
of atoms.
Atoms that are missing or have extra
neutrons
are called
isotopes
.
If you had very, very good eyes and couldlook at the atoms in a sample of hydrogen,you would notice that most of thehydrogen atoms would have noneutrons,some of them would have one neutron anda few of them would have two neutrons. These different versions of hydrogen arecalledisotopes. All isotopes of a particularelement have the same number of protons,but have a different number of neutrons. If you change the number of neutrons anatom has, you make an isotope of thatelement.
Ions
are atoms with either extra
electron
sor missing
electrons
.In electrically neutral atoms, the number of protons equals the number of electrons.Atoms remain intact in chemical reactionsexcept for the removal, transfer, orexchange of certain electrons.

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