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Risk Mitigation Through Measurement of Safety Compliance in Built Environment and Establishment of Vulnerability Atlas

Risk Mitigation Through Measurement of Safety Compliance in Built Environment and Establishment of Vulnerability Atlas

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Published by Saurabh Suman

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Published by: Saurabh Suman on Oct 05, 2009
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Risk Mitigation through Measurement of Safety Compliance in BuiltEnvironment and Establishment of Vulnerability Atlas
Vivek Ogra
4th Floor SHILP, Opp Oxford Towers, Gurukul Road, Memnagar, Ahmedabad, Gujarat 380052, India.vivek@vbsoftindia.com 
Though it is not possible to completely avoid the natural disasters, but the sufferings can beminimized by creating proper awareness of the likely disasters and its impact by developing asuitable warning & preparedness system through application of information technology tools.The changing trends have opened up a large number of scientific and technological resourcesand skills to reduce disaster risk. Disaster Management Information System (DMIS) aims at providing a solution platform for disaster risk reduction by building vulnerability atlas of disaster prone areas and act as an early warning system to help disaster impact reduction andfacilitate effective relief and rescue system.The paper outlines risk mitigation through measurement of safety compliance in builtenvironment (building Stock) in cities through DMIS. The system has been evolved over aunique audit system, which takes care of the Indian Bureau of Standards and GSDMAguidelines and extends an enormous support towards establishing the discrepancies or inadequacies in the construction and remedial actions as well. The solution provides a readyreference for the State and local authorities to plan for preventive actions and implementmeasures for mitigation and preparedness focusing on the construction/reconstructionsegment. Formulation of pro-active policies can be carried out based on the effective risk analysis to face the threat of natural hazards. The system is designed using intelligentinterfaces which are capable of understanding cascade effect of building failure and itsimpact on its neighborhood. The system further classifies the building stock in terms of residential, commercial, schools, hospitals etc and attaches criticality index to the same. Thesystem has a in-built feedback mechanism provided for relief & rescue agencies to determineaccessibility to the distressed location which helps in prompt decision making in event of adisaster. The system is highly scalable in nature and has the capability to expand its operationinto horizontal construction activities like, urban construction, Roads, Bridges, and Dams.The key findings after implementing this system in State of Gujarat is that the system willhelp to aggregate disaster risk data by generating city/state vulnerability atlas, technical datarelated to compliance, earthquake resistance compliance data and most importantlyretrofitting of non-compliances (wherever possible). The system acts as a very important
 
database for disaster risk reduction agencies to research on new/ innovative methods of mitigation process based on disaster business intelligence layer besides providing importantdata to relief and rescue process in event of a disaster. The enterprise model of the systemshall allow mitigation agencies to run multi-dimensional queries to understandinterdependence of parameters for risk reduction strategy. This would enable the agencies tofurther fine grain the strategies in terms of localization for a given set of geographical area.DMIS addresses needs of Disaster Risk Reduction by aggregating vulnerability data of existing building stock in a geographical area to establish vulnerability atlas for emergencyresponse system establishment and support system policy management for retrofitting of existing structures to reduce disaster risk. The system helps aggregate disaster risk reduction data from numerous sources while actingas a data warehouse and generate complex analytical reports through a simpler an intuitiveuser interface. The system can be easily interfaced to the state GIS system to offer easyvisualization of disaster vulnerability profile of a geographical region. This can further beenhanced to inherit early warning indications by way of simulation and suitable alarmsystems can be built to make sure timely information about the mitigation process isdelivered to the individual stakeholders of the disaster mitigation agency. These kind of focused and integrated systems would enable all the stakeholders of a risk reduction processto work in tandem and towards a common goal as would had been defined by the need at thetime of pre or post disaster event.DIMS extend its capability to address complex needs of a Disaster Risk Reduction Activity by extrapolating the data to enable stakeholders in following areas:1. Vulnerability AssessmentIdentify Vulnerability of built environmentIdentify Magnitude of Disaster Identify likely damage and lossDamage and loss assessment2. Techno-Legal MeasuresHazard ProfileVulnerability atlas derived from Housing Data for InsurancePolicy Decisions

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