Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Save to My Library
Look up keyword
Like this
1Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Workshop Session 2 Common ESL Errors I

Workshop Session 2 Common ESL Errors I

Ratings: (0)|Views: 31 |Likes:
Published by twy113

More info:

Published by: twy113 on Oct 05, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

10/05/2009

pdf

text

original

 
English for Academic Studies (Workshop) Session 2: Common ESL Errors ISemester 1, 2009/10 ©PolyU HKCC1
Session 2: Common ESL Errors I (Subject-Verb Agreement)Part A: Diagnostic Test
Some sentences below are not correct. Identify the mistake and write the correctform of verb in the space provided. Put a “
” if no mistake is found.
While technological advancement have greatly widened the
1
communication channels around the globe, dissipating national, political
2
and economic boundaries, it do not necessarily bring people closer. With
3
more communication pathways, communication between people do not
4
appear to be more effective. For one, face-to-face interactions shrinks
5
youngsters prefers browsing through the Internet and playing online
6
games than socializing with others. For the other, the popularity of the
7
virtual world make deception and fraud easier. Any ordinary person can
8
assume several identities, not to mention those professional fraudsters
9
who creates multiple identities, just to reap profits through
10
deception. Such is the unintentional fruit of technological advancement.
11
Part B: Key Points Review (Subject-verb agreement)Basic principle:
In English, the number of the subject must correspond with thenumber of the verb.
Put simply, singular subjects take singular verbs; pluralsubjects take plural verbs.
REMEMBER THE FOLLOWING RULES WHEN YOU WRITE:
 
English for Academic Studies (Workshop) Session 2: Common ESL Errors ISemester 1, 2009/10 ©PolyU HKCC2
 
SUBJECT-VERB SEPARATION
. When the verb is not immediately preceded bythe subject, make sure the verb agrees with the subject, not the interveningnouns and/or prepositional phrases, of the sentence. For example,
the girl inred pants is my younger sister.
 
SUBJECT-VERB INVERSION
. In questions and in inverted sentences like thosestarting with
 Here
and
There
, the verb agrees with the subject that follows. Forexample,
there are over 15 tutorial schools in our neighborhood.
COMPOUND SUBJECT (1)
. Plural verbs are needed where two subjects areconjoined by
 And.
For example,
meanness and selfishness are qualities that repel most people.
COMPOUND SUBJECT (2)
. When two subjects are joined by
 Either…Or 
,
 Neither…Nor 
, the verb agrees with nearest subject. For example,
either Jack or I am responsible for chairing the coming marketing meeting.
INDEFINITE PRONOUNS
. Indefinite pronouns that end with
-body
,
-one
, or
-thing
(e.g.
somebody
,
someone
,
something
) always take a singular verb.Similarly, the indefinite pronouns
each
,
either 
,
neither 
take a singular verb.However, the indefinite pronouns
both
,
 few
,
many
, and
several
always take aplural verb. For example,
although many have signed up for the marathon,nobody was seen at the race.
 
COLLECTIVE NOUNS
.
 
Collective nouns like
committee, class, crew, family,staff 
etc. take a singular verb when the group is regarded as a unit; they takeplural verbs if individual members of the group are considered as actingindependently. For example,
the committee are uncertain of what to do next.(The members of the committee are…)
 VERBAL NOUNS AND NOUN CLAUSES
. Verbal nouns (i.e., gerunds and gerundphrases, infinitives and infinitive phrases) and noun clauses used as subjectsalways take a singular verb. For example
 , that Gillian won a scholarship tostudy in Japan is an opportunity envied by others.
 
PLURAL FORM NOUNS
.
Some nouns are plural only in form; they take asingular verb. Examples include
economics, mathematics
,
means
,
measles
,
mumps
,
news
,
 physics
,
 AIDS
etc.
 
English for Academic Studies (Workshop) Session 2: Common ESL Errors ISemester 1, 2009/10 ©PolyU HKCC3
 
Part C: Concept Boosting Exercises
 
Exercise C1Identify and underline the subjects and the main verbs in the following sentences.
1.
 
For people who have asthma, strenuous exercise can be fatal.2.
 
My friend, who will get his PhD degree this month, wonders why finding a joboutside the academia is so difficult.3.
 
That Sherry took her life last month devastated everyone within her group.4.
 
Being able to listen to others is an important quality of a successful social worker.5.
 
Among the important qualities of being a successful fashion designer is the courageto explore new things.6.
 
When a divorce happens, either a betrayal or financial issues are often the cause.
Exercise C2The following paragraphs contain subject-verb agreement errors.(1) Read through the paragraphs.(2) Underline only the subjects related to the mistakes found.(3) Correct the errors found, if any. Some sentences are error-free.
PARAGRAPH 1
(1) Living in this costly and highly competitive society, most Hong Kong people focuson financial security and social successes. (2) Having a lot of children are not onlyfinancially infeasible but also in many ways psychologically taxing. (3) Phenomenalike mothers of kindergarten kids sharing information about recruiting so-and-so tutorsso as to assist their children to enter some famous primary schools is not unfamiliar tomost. (4) When their kids becomes old enough to learn musical instruments or sports,some parents start learning music and/or sports as well, just to accompany their belovedsons and/or daughters to pursue their “hobbies”. (5) When I encounter situations likethese, I cannot but wonder what are the real purpose of bringing forth children. (6)Are having children a blessing still? (7) Or bearing and rearing children at this societyhas become a curse in disguise.

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->