Ultrasound – sound with a frequency above 20 000 Hz(20 kHz) is defined to be ultrasound.Ultrasounds have frequencies and wavelengths, justlike all other types of waves. The wavelength of ultrasound limits the fineness of details that it candetect. Details significantly smaller than thewavelength of a probe cannot be detected. This is truefor all types of waves. Because the wavelength of visible light is significantly longer than atoms, we cannot see atoms with visible light.
The nature of ultrasound and its use in medical
The medical applications of ultrasound are very broad.•In therapy: pulverization of tumor, diathermy;•In diagnostic:•ultrasound scan for the determination of organs and bones thickness,•ultrasound scan for imaging,•Doppler ultrasound for blood flow rate, blood pressure measurement