Example: At what depth does water exert the same amount of pressure as the entireatmosphere?Calculate the depth at which water exerts pressure equal to 1 atmospheric pressure.
g h P
, so h x 1000 kg/m
x 9.8 N/kg =1.013 x 105 N/m
h= 10.1 m
5. Gauge Pressure, absolute pressure
The pressure in the blood vessels include the pressure exerted by the blood,
the pressure exerted by the atmosphere. However, only the pressure exerted by the bloodmatters, since the atmospheric pressure is exerted on the blood going into the heart aswell as the blood coming out of the heart.The pressure exerted only on the blood is the
. This pressure ismeasured relative to the atmospheric pressure (1 atm). This is the pressure that ismeasured when taking your blood pressure or car tire pressure.The total pressure (pressure of the blood plus the pressure of the atmosphere) is the
. This pressure is measured relative to a vacuum (0 atm).The total or absolute pressure is equal to the gauge pressure plus the atmospheric pressure.The comparison of two gauge pressures is called
. Measurements of the pulmonary system
includes both gauge andrelative pressures.The atmospheric pressure is exerted on everything except for things in a rigid air-tightcontainer. This is because of Pascal’s principle.Absolute pressure is equal to gauge pressure plus atmospheric pressure.
absolute pressure in fluids cannot be negative.
the smallest absolute pressure is zero.
the smallest possible gauge pressure is
zero)When the absolute pressure of a fluid is less than the value of
, its gauge pressure isnegative.