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The Oredigger Issue 16 - Feb. 10, 2014

The Oredigger Issue 16 - Feb. 10, 2014

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Published by The Oredigger
The Oredigger, Volume 94, Issue 16
The Oredigger, Volume 94, Issue 16

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 THE OREDIGGER
 Volume 94, Issue 16February 10, 2014
The student voice of the Colorado School of Mines
 w w w . O R E D I G G E R . n e t
Sports 6Opinion 8Features 4News 2
Resource companies recruit at CSM. Asian Cultural Festival: culture and fun.Minds at Mines asks: hot or cold?Softball has a rough tournament.
Katerina Gonzales
Content Manager 
Chemistry demos are not only a thing of freshman year General Chemistry. The student chapter of the American Chemical Society mixes, burns, explodes, and displays chemistry for anyone to enjoy and learn about. On Tuesday, February 4, ACS treated Mines students to a BBQ dinner and chemistry demo to attract students who want to know what ACS does on campus. “The purpose of ACS here on campus is to bring chemistry and science to as many people as we can and really just get people interested
in looking at the world in a scientic
perspective,” said Trevor Stanley, who is a senior in Chemistry. “I would say my favorite thing about being a part of ACS is all of the interesting things I’ve learned about. There are so many eclectic topics that I just never would have considered before. It’s a lot of fun. You get to learn a lot, you get to blow things up…”. Dr. Mark Seger, the faculty advisor of ACS cut in, “I
can conrm…some of these things
he knows more about than I do.” ACS is one of the smaller clubs on campus, and though its mem-bers are passionate, they will not be
around forever. All of the ofcers are
graduating this May. “We are looking for younger members to take over next semester,” said Carly Paige, the  ACS secretary. This opportunity is not only open to Chemistry majors, but to anyone with a deep passion of chemistry. The openings in leader-ship positions for the upcoming year
 ACS demos boom
American Chemical Society’s Colorado School of Mines Student Chapter entices new members with dramatic explo-sions and mad scientist antics.
KATERINA GONZALES / OREDIGGER
present opportunities for members to really make the club their own.  That is not to say that ACS has not fared well under the current leader-ship, but rather it has thrived. ACS is not only a society that meets for the
benet of its members, but also seeks
to serve the campus and community. Said Stanley, “We have done some volunteer work at a local elementary school judging their science fair. It is a lot of fun and it is really great to involve the younger generation. On campus, we also offer free tutoring for the underclassmen, for the intro level chemistry courses. We really try to help out the students and bring the knowledge base that we have gained and try to distribute that out to everyone because we believe that everyone should understand chemis-try because it is a subject that a lot of people have trouble with and struggle with. And because it is something we love, we want to kind of package it in a way that says it is not a scary subject, this is not something that you should be like, ‘Aw, man, I have to do chemistry.’ It should be something that is fun and relevant to your life.” Those holding an interest in chem-istry or wanting to explore more about the subject should check out CSM  ACS. Their next event will be Tuesday, February 18, as ACS will host Dr. Paul Ogg’s talk about fermentation in Cool-baugh 219. ACS will likely have more demos this semester, hopefully with more delicious ice cream made from liquid nitrogen. The club encourages
students to get in touch with the of
-cers if they are interested in becoming a key part of ACS in the future.
Jessica Deters
Staff Writer 
Currently, women comprise ap-proximately 28 percent of the student body at the Colorado School of Mines and make up an even smaller percent in technical industry. Organizations such as the Society of Women Engi-neers aim to encourage more women to pursue degrees in engineering in order to increase the percentage of women in what are currently male-
dominated elds.
Mines’ chapter of the Society of Women Engineers hosted the second annual Girls Lead the Way Conference on Feb. 8 at CSM. The conference invited high school girls interested in engineering to spend a day at Mines and learn the ins and outs of being an engineering student. The conference featured an En-gineering Student Panel full of cur-rent Mines students who answered various questions the high school girls had about engineering, Mines and college in general. Attendees also received advice on how to choose a major, how to write an effective resume and how to dress for success.Christin Mastracchio delivered a keynote address to attendees en-couraging them to pursue a degree in engineering. Mastracchio grew up in Houston, Texas with a desire to be-come an astronaut. She attended the U.S. Air Force Academy in Colorado Springs, Colorado and received a degree in astro engineering. Mastrac-chio proceeded to obtain a masters degree from MIT and currently serves as an Air Force Bomber pilot.
Girls as leaders
Pursuing a degree in a technical field opens the door for so many more opportunities than a degree in
a non-technical eld, according to
Mastracchio.Mastracchio’s advice applies not only to future engineering students but current students as well. “During your study in college you’re going to go through all kinds of struggles and late nights working on problem sets, but stay the course,” Mastracchio said.” If you are having trouble stay-ing motivated, keep in mind that just because you major in engineering does not mean that you will be doing strictly engineering for the rest of your life. So, use your interests to further your success in engineering.”In addition to offering advice to all engineering students, prospective and current, Mastracchio strongly encouraged the room of girls to go for a degree in engineering.“Girls are well suited for engineer-ing, so go for it. Girls tend to focus better and can put in the hours of studying and doing problem sets at a desk whereas boys often times prefer hands-on learning. This state-ment is of course a generalization, but many class standings have shown that women outperform men academically.“Women are born problem solvers and often have more common sense
and intuition for readily nding a better
way to do things. Women also have a heart to improve the world. Combine that compassion with the engineering smarts to be able to make a difference and there’s no limit to the good you can do.”
COURTESY CSM ATHLETICS DEPARTMENT
 
n e w s
february 󰀱󰀰, 󰀲󰀰󰀱󰀴page 󰀲
 w w w . O R E D I G G E R . n e t
Oredigger Staff 
Deborah Good
Editor-in-Chief 
Emily McNair 
Managing Editor 
Taylor Polodna
Design Edito
Connor McDonald
Webmaster 
Lucy Orsi
Business Manager 
Arnaud Filliat
Copy Editor 
Katerina Gonzales
Content Manager 
Jared Riemer 
Content Manager 
Karen Gilbert
Faculty Advisor 
Headlines from around the world
 
Local News
Dr. Cindy Stevenson, the superintendent of the Jeffer-son County School District, an-nounced her retirement. She is leaving the district just a few months before her planned re-tirement on June 30. Stevenson has served since 2002.66-year-old Harold Easton has pleaded no contest to reck-less endangerment. Easton re-portedly hit a 10-year-old boy in the face with a book at a Grand Junction elementary school. Easton explained that he lost his temper.  A dog woke its owner and saved her from a mobile home
re on Friday Morning. The dog’s
barking woke up Rene Hickmon at 6:30 am. Hickmon managed
to escape the re and thanked
employees at the Department of Corrections for pulling over and
a Fremont County reghter who turned off her propane tank. The
mobile home is a total loss.U.S. Representative Cory Gardner, R-District 4, is urging President Obama to change policies so that the price of propane can continue to drop.
Many of Gardner’s constituents
complained that they were hav-ing trouble affording propane to heat their homes. 27-year-old Carissa Koch
of Broomeld has pleaded not
guilty to appearing with evidence and being an accessory to a crime. Koch is accused of try-ing to remove blood stains after a deadly argument at her home.
Koch’s husband, 32-year-old Matthew P. Burnett, has been charged with rst-degree mur
-der.
Ramiro Rodriguez
, Staff Writer 
Jessica Deters
, Staff Writer 
Step Closer to Beginning of Time, Israel -
 A
major breakthrough made by researchers at Tel Aviv
University may hold answers pertaining to the origin of
the universe. When the rst stars formed, the universe was lled with hydrogen atoms. This study suggests that the black holes that formed from these rst stars heated the hydrogen gas that lled the universe later
than previously estimated. According to Professor Ren-
nan Barkana of Tel Aviv University, the discovery of the
delayed heating of the universe results in a “new pre-diction of an early time at which the sky was uniformly
lled with radio waves emitted by the hydrogen gas.” As of Tuesday February 4, the Committee to Regulate Marijuana
Like Alcohol in Alaska received enough valid signatures to place a measure on a ballot before vot-ers. If the initiative passes,
 Alaska would be the third state to le-galize the sale of recreational marijuana
 behind Colorado and Washington. According to a poll by Public Policy Voting, 55% of regis-tered voters in Alaska support the
measure. The measure will also call
for a $50 per ounce excise tax on marijuana coming from cultivation facilities and stores.
 The Kentucky Senate passed
measure Senate Bill 16 which would allow for students in high school to use
computer pro-gramming courses to satisfy foreign language requirements
 to pass high school. Supporters of the bill say it will help prepare students for well-paying jobs in the computer industry and point to a
gure saying that less than 2.4% of
students graduating from college in the nation are graduating with a degree in computer science de-spite high national demand. After one of the longest droughts in decades, the Cantar-eira water system, which supplies 10 million people in the Campinas region of Brazil, is at less than a quarter of its capacity. If there is no rain, then
the water system is projected to run dry in ap-proximately 40 days
. A spokes-
person from Brazil’s largest water
utility, Cia. de Saneamento Basico do Estado de Sao Paulo, claims that once it falls below 20 percent,
there may be difculties transfer
-ring waters between reservoirs.
Following a series of complaints
about the conditions in Sochi be-fore the 2014 Winter Olympics, a
deputy prime minister in Russia claimed that Western visitors are deliberately trying to sabo-tage the event
 and cited video coming from surveillance cameras that either are able to see into or are in the showers of assigned hotel rooms. A spokesperson for deputy prime minister Dmitry Ko-zak later denied claims that there are any surveillance cameras in ei-ther hotel rooms or bathrooms.
 The National Energy Authority
in Iceland has unveiled the
world’s
frst magma-based geothermal energy system in Kraa, Ice
-land
. According to a document by Iceland Deep Drilling Project, “the
available power was sufcient to
generate up to 36 megawatts elec-tricity, compared to the installed electrical capacity of 60 megawatts
in the Kraa power plant. This proj
-ect breaks the world record for geothermal heat and power.
 The Guardian, the UK newspa
-per which reported on the Edward Snowden leaks, reveals that the
British government threatened to jail editor Alan Rusbridger
 and close the paper over report-ing the Snowden leaks. On July 20 of 2013, the government sent two agents to oversee the destruction of memory cards and hard drives
containing the encrypted les sent by Edward Snowden. Footage de
-tailing the destruction was released
by The Guardian on Friday, Febru
-
ary 7. Furthermore, David Miranda,
a partner of the journalist who pub-lished the leaked information, is currently being investigated under espionage charges following an il-legal detention at Heathrow Airport and the seizure of personal items to check for encrypted data.
Cure for Diabetes on Horizon, San Francisco, CA -
Living with type one dia-betes currently equates to frequent injec-
tions of insulin to make up for the body’s
inability to produce insulin. A research team from the Gladstone Institutes found
a method by which to reprogram animals’
skin cells into endoderm-like cells, which eventually mature, mimic pancreas-like
cells and produce insulin. The study found
a direct link between the transplanted, re-programmed cells and a decrease in the
animals’ glucose levels. Matthias Hebrok,
PhD and one of the authors of the study, believes this discovery is an important step toward a much-needed cure for type one diabetes.
New Evidence of Pre-Historic Human Migration, United King-dom -
Researchers at Queen Mary University of London, the British Museum, and the Natural History Museum discovered evidence that suggests human movement in northeast Norfolk in the United King
-dom over 800,000 years ago. Scientists believe the footprints were imprinted into the bank of an ancient river at a time when Britain and
continental Europe were still connected. These footprints provide the rst-known evidence of humans in northern Europe and offer insight
into the movements and migration of people over 800,000 years ago.
Quantifying the Gender Height Gap, Finland -
 A study from the University
of Helsinki found correlations between the X chromosome and height. Dr. Taru  Tukiainen of Massachusetts General Hospital said, “Studying the X chromosome has some particular challenges. The fact that women have two copies of this chro
-mosome and men only one has to be taken into account in the analysis. We nev-ertheless wanted to take up the challenge since we had a strong belief that open-
ing ‘the X les’ for research would reveal new, interesting biological insights.” The study did, in fact, reveal new biological insights in its nding that the variant in the
 X-chromosome between men and women accounts for anywhere between one
to two percent of differences in height between genders in the Finnish population.
 
n e w s
february 󰀱󰀰, 󰀲󰀰󰀱󰀴page 3
 w w w . O R E D I G G E R . n e t
Ramiro Rodriguez
Staff Writer 
 The Humanitarian Engineering Program held an open house to discuss changes to the curriculum, a refocus of their efforts, introduce their faculty and staff, and an-nounce scholarship and internship opportunities. The event was cen-tered around the programs transi-tion, as program director Dr. Juan Lucena out it, “from compassionate help to serving sustainable com-munity development”. The purpose behind this revamping is to transi-tion from a unilateral model of com-munity development where engi-neering students try to directly solve the problems of a faraway commu-nity that has very little input on the projects in mind to a system where Non-Governmental Organizations mediate between the two so that
communities can help dene their
problems and have that be present-ed to engineers.  As of Fall 2014, the Humanitar-ian Engineering minor is now an eighteen credit program divided into a three credit introductory course: LAIS 377 - Engineering & Sustain-able Community Development, six credits from the topic of Com-munity Culture and Social Justice, six credits from the topic of Engi-neering by Doing, and a capstone course. Community Culture and Social Justice comes in the form of six three-credit LAIS course which include: Service Learning, Cultural  Anthropology, Corporate Social Responsibility, Engineering Culture in the Developing World, Engineer-ing and Social Justice, and Energy and Society. Engineering by Doing is made up of the two three-credit courses Human-Centered Problem
Denition and Human-Centered
Design. The capstone will be a se-nior design project centered around community development or assis-tive technology for people with dis-
Changes to HE program
abilities for students of the College of Engineering and Computational Sciences or CEEN 477 - Sustain-able Engineer Design for students that are not under the CECS.  A third of the credits for the minor are now coming from Community Culture and Social Justice, two out of six LAIS courses designed to ex-plore the interactions between so-ciety and engineering including the new course, LAIS 430 - Corporate Social Responsibility. Corporate Social Responsibility is an explora-tion of the idea of corporate social responsibility as the relationship be-
tween engineering rms and com
-munities local to their projects with a focus on the extractive industries.  The class aims to teach how to ac-cess opportunities for participation in corporate social responsibility as well as how to create a strategy for community engagement. Engineering by Doing is made up of two EGGN courses centered around teach how to design around people as well as how to access where problems are coming from to better tailor human-centered solutions. EGGN 301 - Human
Centered Problem Denitions is
designed to be a practical explora-tion of how to access how things considered to be problems or so-lutions for engineering are those things when designing with people and communities in mind through practical lab methods as well as exercises made to teach empathy with people projects are designed for. EGGN 401 - Projects for People is a class made to bridge the tech-niques learned in Human Centered
Problem Denitions with technical
skills to address problems brought to the class by community partners.  The Humanitarian Engineering Program encourages member-ship in Engineers Without Borders/ Bridges to Prosperity for its stu-dents to put to practice the sustain-able community development tech-niques learned within the program for the betterment of communities both locally and abroad. The stu-dent run organization is devoted to sustainable community develop-ment through the process of de-signing and assembling bridges for communities in need. The possibility of needing to take an additional semester at Mines be-cause of taking a minor exists; how-ever, the costs can be mitigated by a newly announced scholarship from the Shultz Family Leadership in Humanitarian Engineering Fund.  The scholarship is for students in-volved with the humanitarian engi-neering program and wish to ex-plore connections to humanitarian engineering in the extractive indus-tries. For a student to be eligible for the scholarship, they must: have a minimum 3.0 GPA; be enrolled in the Humanitarian Engineering pro-gram; have taken one or more of the following: Engineering and Sus-tainable Community Design, Engi-neering and Social Justice, Projects for People, or Human-centered
Problem Denition by the end of
Spring 2014; register to take Cor-porate Social Responsibility in Fall 2014; and submit an essay in re-sponse to two prompts on an inter-est in humanitarian engineering or linking humanitarian engineering to the extractive industries. The schol-
arship will be ofcially announced in
March of 2014, with selection oc-curring during the Summer of 2014, and funding in the form of $8000 will be made available for the Fall 2014 semester.Students wanting to sign up for the humanitarian engineering minor or area of special interest can start the process by meeting with pro-gram director Dr. Juan Lucena to
map the minor and ll out the minor
declaration form. Further informa-tion on the program and contact in-formation can be found at humani-tarian.mines.edu.
Leah Hill
Staff Writer 
Some have probably seen the apocalyptic scenes of the Ukrai-
nian protests. With smoke and re
in the background, people wearing gas masks or with bloodied faces, and the police with their shields and full body armor bracing for an angry crowd. What started as peaceful protests in late November escalated when police started us-ing tear gas and batons to control the protesters as they seized gov-ernment buildings, broke windows, and toppled a statue of Vladimir Lenin in Kiev. As the government took greater measures to stop the protesters, the protesters fought harder to be heard. On January 21, unknown men abducted Igor Lut-senko, a Ukrainian activist and jour-nalist, along with Yuriy Verbytsky, a prominent protester known by the people, from a Kiev hospital.  They left Lutsenko in a nearby for-
est to nd his way back to the city
while Verbytsky was found dead in a city suburb. Though there were also reports of protesters stabbing
three police ofcers, one of which
died later of his wounds, protest-ers have reported being tortured by the police. Elsewhere, security forces killed three more protesters as security forces moved against Ukrainian protest camps. Ukraine
Ukrainian revolt continues during Olympics
has begun to look like a war zone.But what started it all? Ukraine originally meant “borderlands” and is the largest country separating Russia from Western Europe. Go-ing through Ukraine is the easiest way for Russia to trade with west-ern countries due to the forests that cover much of northwestern Ukraine and the countries to its north. Throughout history, Ukraine was conquered and divided by neighboring powers. Then about 250 years ago, during Russia’s “Golden Age”, Catherine the Great controlled southeastern Ukraine after colonizing it. This part of the country is home to some of the most productive farmland in the world and was used to gain access to the rest of Europe. Eventually Ukraine was occupied by so many Russians that the Russians started calling it “New Russia” hoping to make the territory permanently Russian. Then, in the 1930’s, when Joseph Stalin led Soviet Union, Ukraine was part of Russia. Dur-ing his rule, the Ukrainian peasants were “collectivized” into state-run farms and their lives were controlled by Soviet Russia. Several million Ukrainians died of starvation as their food was restricted and crops taken away. Stalin then repopulated the devastated eastern farmlands by shipping in ethnic Russians.  This act of genocide took more lives than the German Holocaust. It was not until 1991 that Ukraine became an independent country again. Modern day Ukraine is divid-ed into two sections: the Ukrainian speaking Northwest which dislikes Russia, and the Russian speaking Southeast which sees no problem in receiving help from their neigh-bor.Now to the issue at hand: the man in the middle of all the con-
ict is Ukrainian president Vik 
-tor Yanukovych. Born in 1950 in Soviet-controlled eastern Ukraine,  Yanukovych is culturally Russian, shares opinions with many other Russian-speaking Ukrainians, and did not speak Ukrainian until he was in his 50s. In 2004, there were mass protests against him when he won the presidential election under widespread suspicions of fraud.  Those protests, which succeeded
in blocking him from ofce, were
called the “Orange Revolution.” But now, he is back. Since winning the 2010 election, Yanukovych and his government have mismanaged the economy and have been viewed as corrupt.  The protests started when Ya-nukovych reversed a decision to sign a trade deal for greater eco-nomic integration with the Euro-pean Union. This deal, which was popular with Ukrainians, was more than just a trade deal. After Ya-nukovych’s neglect, the deal could have helped revive the struggling Ukrainian economy. Symbolically,  Yanukovych’s decision was seen as a turn away from Europe, and to-wards Russia. Putin then rewarded the Yanukovych’s decision with a stimulus worth billions of dollars and a promise of cheaper gas ex-ports. The protests had begun to die down until January 16 when  Yanukovych signed “anti-protest laws” which restricted free speech, the media, driving in a group of
more than ve cars, slandering government ofcials, and wearing a
mask or helmet.While half of the Ukraine wants to join the European Union, about a third of the country would prefer integrating with the Russian-dom-inated Eurasian Customs Union.  The huge crack in Ukraine has even started whispers of civil war which is why nobody dares to take any sort of military action in Ukraine. A push from any side, Russia, the US, any European nation, or Ukraine’s own military could result in war. On January 28, Ukrainian of-
cials repealed nine out of the
twelve anti-protest laws and tabled the stimulus offer from Russia. The government has also offered am-nesty to detained protesters pro-vided that the occupied govern-ment buildings are vacated. Then, in an effort to calm some of the protests, Ukrainian Prime Minister Mykola Azarov and Yanukovych’s presidential cabinet resigned and offered senior jobs to the opposi-tion. Yet all offers were rejected as protesters continue to demand the president’s resignation. Yanukovych made a statement saying, “…the
opposition continues to iname the
situation calling on people to stand in the cold for the sake of the po-litical ambitions of a few leaders. I think this is wrong.” He also added, “From my side, I will show more understanding to the demands and ambitions of people, taking into ac-count the mistakes that authorities always make... I think that we can together return the life of Ukraine and its people to peace.” But the people do not seem to want to return to their old lives.  The unrest even spread into east-ern Ukraine and Yanukovych’s homeland, where he previously experienced unhampered support. People protest because their presi-dent rejected what they saw as an opportunity to improve their lives and their country and instead made an attempt to further relations with a country that has a history of starv-ing them to death. Their demand for his resignation still fuels their protests, and the cruel treatment of the protesters has convinced some Ukrainian citizens that a new gov-ernment is absolutely necessary.
Evan Ford
Staff Writer 
Colorado School of Mines cel-ebrated the third annual GEEE In-dustry Panel with a remarkable in-dustry representation in attendance. Companies in attendance were CH2MHILL, ARCADIS, and Tetra  Tech. These companies were invited to present mission statements and a brief synopsis of their company culture, which has a large bearing on what is desired for potential hires. Students were able to ask these in-
dustry professionals specic ques
-tions regarding work environments,  job searches, and were even given the opportunity to network near the conclusion of the event.
GEEE catered specically to ca
-reers in Mining, Geology, Civil and Environmental Engineering. A light dinner was provided before each
company presented. The rst busi
-ness to present was CH2MHILL, a global and wide-reaching enterprise.  The company name comes from the initials of the founders in 1946. CH2MHILL employs 30,000 in 60 countries worldwide. The company
is a client based rm, and their ser
-vices span from accounting, hu-man resources, engineering, and construction. A representative from human resources informed the stu-dents in attendance about CH2M-HILL’s history and purpose. The company receives many resumes a day electronically, so students at the career fair should expect a similar experience in submission for their credentials, as opposed to a hard copy. The next presentation came from  Tetra Tech, a company with 330
ofces worldwide and large proj
-ects around the globe, including mining in New Mexico and Austra-lia. The vision of the company is to achieve max economic performance throughout the life cycle of a particu-lar resource, with an emphasis on
Industry options
the nal restoration portion. It was
pointed out that when working with sensitive job sites, companies must realize that environmental permit-ting is for life; something contracting companies can forget. Tetra Tech also emphasized the importance of
ne-tuned networking skills. With the
right attitude and approach, along with the necessary abilities to back it up, the company representative delivered the notion that any job can be attained. An environmental engineer rep-resented ARCADIS on Thursday night. Like CH2HMILL, ARCADIS is a large international company. The company’s US headquarters is lo-cated in Highlands Ranch, here in Colorado. ARCADIS has catered to many commercial since the 1800’s, and has experienced many merg-ers and plenty of growth throughout the years. ARCADIS breaks down their company into four pillars, in-cluding TKI (Technical Knowledge Information) and safety. The com-pany stresses safety, as this leads to a complete reduction of injuries at work. ARCADIS believes that stu-dents seeking a job need to be able to solve complex problems with a strong core knowledge, but also a diverse interdisciplinary approach in the application of critical thinking. It is also important for engineers to
practice and rene communica
-tion and writing skills, which can be overlooked in a math and science focused curriculum. A common theme from all of the companies’ presentations was a fo-
cus on work-life balances and nd
-
ing the job that was the correct t for
an individual and the company. The night presented a valuable learning experience for the students in search
of internships and specic careers in
geology and civil engineering. The companies that attended the GEEE Industry Panel presented a wide range of career paths and avenues for potential success.

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