1. Historical and Contemporary Nursing PracticeLEARNING OUTCOMES
After completing this chapter, you will be able to:1.
Discuss historical and contemporary factors influencing the development of nursing.
Identify the essential aspects of nursing.
Identify four major areas within the scope of nursing practice.
Identify the purposes of nurse practice acts and standards for nursing practice.
Describe the roles of nurses.
Describe the expanded career roles and their functions.
Discuss the criteria of a profession and the professionalization of nursing.
Discuss Benner's levels of nursing proficiency.
Relate essential nursing values to attitudes, personal qualities, and professional behaviors.
Explain the functions of national and international nurses' associations.KEY TERMScaregiver,
diagnostic-related groups (DRGs),
Knights of Saint Lazarus,
Lavinia L. Dock,
Margaret Higgins Sanger,
Patient Self-Determination Act (PSDA),