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IT Knowledge Economy Lundvall

IT Knowledge Economy Lundvall

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Published by: Glauka on Oct 05, 2009
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D
ANISH
R
ESEARCH
U
NIT FOR
I
NDUSTRIAL
D
YNAMICS
DRUID Working Paper No. 97-12
Information Technology in The Learning Economy- Challenges for Developing Countries
byDieter Ernst & Bengt-Åke LundvallOctober 1997
 
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Information Technology in The Learning Economy -Challenges for Developing Countries
Dieter ErnstVisiting Professor of International Management, Department of Development & Planning and Department of Business Studies, AalborgUniversity, DenmarkandSenior Research Fellow, The Berkeley Roundtable on the InternationalEconomy (BRIE), University of California at Berkeley, USA.Bengt-Åke LundvallProfessor of Department of Business StudiesAalborg UniversityFinal version(December 10, 1996)
Abstract
This paper inquires how the concept of the "learning economy" can be applied to therequirements of developing countries. The main purpose is to develop an analyticalframework to better understand how learning and capability formation can foster industrialupgrading. Special emphasis is given to te spread of information technology (IT). Weinquire under what conditions developing countries can use this set of generic technologiesto improve their learning capabilities. We argue that information technology should not beregarded as a potential substitute for human skills and tacit knowledge. Instead, its main roleshould be to support the formation and use of tacit knowledge.In the paper we compare two stylised models of the learning economy, the Japanese versusthe American model. The Japanese model is explicit in its promotion and exploitation of tacit knowledge, while the American model is driven by a permanent urge to reduce theimportance of tacit knowledge and to transform it into information - that is into explicit,

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