• Do not submerge large, severe burns in cold water• Ensure that the person is breathing and that circulation is flowing• If possible, elevate the burned portion of the body above the level of the heart• Cover the burned area with a cool, moist bandage
Chemical burns can occur when strong acids or alkalies come in contact with the skin and/or theeyes.Caring for chemical burns:
Rinse exposed area with running water for 20 minutes; a hose is preferable but you may use ashower or faucet.
Carefully remove the contaminated clothing, making sure not to touch the unaffected skin with thecontaminated clothing. Cut clothing away, if necessary.
If the chemical has splashed into your child's eyes, begin rinsing his/her eyes immediately andcontinue doing so until medical help has arrived. If your child wears contact lenses, try to removethem.
Cover the burned area loosely with a dry, clean cloth.
If the chemical your child has been exposed to is a dry or powdered chemical, it may not benecessary to rinse the area with water. Instead of rinsing, gingerly wipe the powder from the skinand check the package enclosure for emergency advice.
Seek medical attention or dial 911 for emergency medical attention.
Heat or Thermal Burns
A heat-induced or thermal burn can occur when the skin comes in contact with any heat source,such as a cooking pan, an iron, a fire, a hot surface or a hot, scalding liquid.Caring for a heat-induced or thermal burn:
Remove the child from the heat source.
Cool the affected area with cold water or cold compresses until pain is reduced or alleviated.
If a blister has formed, do not break it.
Protect the burn with a dry, sterile, gauze bandage or with a clean bed sheet or cloth.
If your child's clothing is stuck to the burned area, do not attempt to remove it. Instead, cut aroundthe clothing leaving the burn intact.
Do not apply any ointments, oils, or sprays to the burned area.
If the burn is serious, seek medical attention or dial 911 for emergency medical attention.
More than half a million people are hospitalized each year as a result of severe head injuries. These can becaused by anything from slipping on ice (and hitting your head) to car or sporting accidents.
Seek emergency care if:
• There is loss of consciousness• The person is confused, drowsy or lethargic or becomes restless, clumsy or loses coordination• There is severe head or facial bleeding• The person is on blood thinning medications, such as Plavix or Coumadin/Warfarin• The person stops breathing• The person experiences convulsions• The person’s pupil’s change in size or there is blurred vision• There are personality changes or unusual behavior
Choking is an emergency. Call 911 emergency medical services. Do not attempt to drive achoking person to a hospital emergency department.What to do if a person starts to choke:
It is best not to do anything if the person is coughing forcefully and not turning a bluishcolor. Ask, "Are you choking?" If the person is able to answer you by speaking, it is apartial airway obstruction. Stay with the person and encourage him or her to cough untilthe obstruction is cleared.