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Fluent User Services Center Www.fluentusers.com

Fluent User Services Center Www.fluentusers.com

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08/14/2013

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FLUENT
NotesFLUENT v6.0 Jan 2002
Fluent User Services Centerwww.fluentusers.com
Introduction to CFD Analysis
FLUENT
NotesFLUENT v6.0 Jan 2002
Fluent User Services Centerwww.fluentusers.com
What is CFD?
Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) is the science of predictingfluid flow, heat transfer, mass transfer, chemical reactions, and related phenomena by solving mathematical equations that represent physicallaws, using a numerical process.
Conservation of mass, momentum, energy, species, ...
The result of CFD analyses is relevant engineering data:
conceptual studies of new designs
detailed product development
troubleshooting
redesign
CFD analysis complements testing and experimentation.
Reduces the total effort required in the laboratory.

FLUENT
NotesFLUENT v6.0 Jan 2002
Fluent User Services Centerwww.fluentusers.com
How does CFD work?
FLUENT
solvers are based on thefinite volume method.
Domain is discretized into afinite set of control volumesor cells.
General conservation (transport) equationfor mass, momentum, energy, etc.,are discretizedinto algebraic equations.
All
equations are solved to render flow field.
∫ ∫ ∫ ∫
+Γ=+
A A
dV dV
φ
φ  ρφ  ρφ
AAV
Eqn.continuity 1x-mom. uy-mom. venergy h
φ
Fluid region of  pipe flowdiscretized intofinite set of control volumes(mesh).controlvolume

FLUENT
NotesFLUENT v6.0 Jan 2002
Fluent User Services Centerwww.fluentusers.com
CFD Modeling Overview
Transport Equations
mass
species mass fraction
phasicvolume fraction
momentum
energy
Equation of State
Supporting Physical ModelsSolver
Physical Models
Turbulence
Combustion
Multiphase
Phase Change
Moving Zones
Moving Mesh
MeshGenerator
Material Properties
Boundary Conditions
Initial Conditions
Solver SettingsPre-Processing
SolidModeler
Post-ProcessingEquations solved on mesh

FLUENT
NotesFLUENT v6.0 Jan 2002
Fluent User Services Centerwww.fluentusers.com
CFD Analysis: Basic Steps
Problem Identification and Pre-Processing1. Define your modeling goals.2. Identify the domain you will model.3. Design and create the grid.
Solver Execution4. Set up the numerical model.5. Compute and monitor the solution.
Post-Processing6. Examine the results.7. Consider revisions to the model.
FLUENT
NotesFLUENT v6.0 Jan 2002
Fluent User Services Centerwww.fluentusers.com
What results are you looking for, and how will they be used?
What physical models will need to be included in your analysis?
What simplifying assumptions do you
have
to make?
What simplifying assumptions
can
you make?
Do you require a unique modeling capability?
User-defined functions (written in C) in
FLUENT 6
User-defined subroutines (written in FORTRAN) in
FLUENT 4.5
What degree of accuracy is required?
How quickly do you need the results?
Problem Identification and Pre-Processing1. Define your modeling goals.2. Identify the domain you will model.3. Design and create the grid.