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Fluent User Services Center Www.fluentusers.com

Fluent User Services Center Www.fluentusers.com

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©Fluent Inc. 12/26/20012-1Introductory
FLUENT
 NotesFLUENT v6.0 Jan 2002
Fluent User Services Centerwww.fluentusers.com
Introduction to CFD Analysis
©Fluent Inc. 12/26/20012-2Introductory
FLUENT
 NotesFLUENT v6.0 Jan 2002
Fluent User Services Centerwww.fluentusers.com
What is CFD?
Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) is the science of predictingfluid flow, heat transfer, mass transfer, chemical reactions, and related phenomena by solving mathematical equations that represent physicallaws, using a numerical process.
Conservation of mass, momentum, energy, species, ...
The result of CFD analyses is relevant engineering data:
conceptual studies of new designs
detailed product development
troubleshooting
redesign
CFD analysis complements testing and experimentation.
Reduces the total effort required in the laboratory.
 
©Fluent Inc. 12/26/20012-3Introductory
FLUENT
 NotesFLUENT v6.0 Jan 2002
Fluent User Services Centerwww.fluentusers.com
How does CFD work?
FLUENT
solvers are based on thefinite volume method.
Domain is discretized into afinite set of control volumesor cells.
General conservation (transport) equationfor mass, momentum, energy, etc.,are discretizedinto algebraic equations.
 All 
equations are solved to render flow field.
∫ ∫ ∫ ∫ 
+Γ=+
 A A
dV dV 
φ 
φ  ρφ  ρφ 
AAV
unsteadyconvectiondiffusiongeneration
Eqn.continuity 1x-mom. uy-mom. venergy h
φ
Fluid region of  pipe flowdiscretized intofinite set of control volumes(mesh).controlvolume
 
©Fluent Inc. 12/26/20012-4Introductory
FLUENT
 NotesFLUENT v6.0 Jan 2002
Fluent User Services Centerwww.fluentusers.com
CFD Modeling Overview
Transport Equations
mass
species mass fraction
 phasicvolume fraction
momentum
energy
Equation of State
Supporting Physical ModelsSolver 
Physical Models
Turbulence
Combustion
Radiation
Multiphase
Phase Change
Moving Zones
Moving Mesh
MeshGenerator 
Material Properties
Boundary Conditions
Initial Conditions
Solver SettingsPre-Processing
SolidModeler 
Post-ProcessingEquations solved on mesh
 
©Fluent Inc. 12/26/20012-5Introductory
FLUENT
 NotesFLUENT v6.0 Jan 2002
Fluent User Services Centerwww.fluentusers.com
CFD Analysis: Basic Steps
Problem Identification and Pre-Processing1. Define your modeling goals.2. Identify the domain you will model.3. Design and create the grid.
Solver Execution4. Set up the numerical model.5. Compute and monitor the solution.
Post-Processing6. Examine the results.7. Consider revisions to the model.
©Fluent Inc. 12/26/20012-6Introductory
FLUENT
 NotesFLUENT v6.0 Jan 2002
Fluent User Services Centerwww.fluentusers.com
Define Your Modeling Goals
What results are you looking for, and how will they be used?
What are your modeling options?
What physical models will need to be included in your analysis?
What simplifying assumptions do you
have
to make?
What simplifying assumptions
can
you make?
Do you require a unique modeling capability?
User-defined functions (written in C) in
FLUENT 6
User-defined subroutines (written in FORTRAN) in
FLUENT 4.5
What degree of accuracy is required?
How quickly do you need the results?
Problem Identification and Pre-Processing1. Define your modeling goals.2. Identify the domain you will model.3. Design and create the grid.

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