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Table Of Contents

I. Generalities on Layered Double Hydroxides
1.1 Structural Considerations
1.2 Synthesis Routes of LDH
1.2.1 Direct coprecipitation method
1.2.2 Anion-exchange method
1.2.3 Other methods
1.3 Structural Characterization of LDH
1.3.1 Powder X-ray Diffraction (PXRD)
1.3.1.1 Basic structural information from PXRD patterns
1.3.1.2 Rietveld Refinement
1.3.1.3 DIFFaX simulations
1.3.1.4 The electron density distribution
1.3.2 Microscopy
1.3.2.2 Fluorescence Microscopy
1.3.2.3 Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM)
1.3.3 X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy (XAS)
1.3.4 Infrared and Raman spectroscopy
1.3.5 Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR)
1.3.6 Molecular modeling and structure simulations
1.4 Applications of LDH
1.4.1 Catalysis
1.4.2 Sorbent for pollutant
1.6.3 Fluorohectorite Clay Staging Compounds
1.6.4 Staging Layered Double Hydroxides Compounds
1.7 In Situ Energy-dispersive X-ray Diffraction
1.7.1 Experimental Setup
1.7.2 Data and Kinetic Analysis
1.8 References
Double Hydroxides
2.1 Introduction
2.2 Experimental details
2.2.1 Synthesis of the host materials
2.2.3 Kinetic analysis of EDXRD data
2.2.4 Powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD)
Succinate Anions in Zn2Cr-Cl and Zn2Al-Cl LDHs
2.3.1 Formation of second-stage intermediates
2.3.1.1 In Zn2Cr-Cl system
2.3.1.2 In Zn2Al-Cl system
2.3.3 Kinetic analysis
2.3.4 Refinement of Zn2Cr-Tart/Cl second-stage intermediate
incoming anions on the formation of second-stage
2.4.2 Organic-inorganic exchange reactions in Zn2Cr-LDH
2.5 Conclusions
2.6 References
3.1 Introduction
3.2 Experimental Section
3.2.2 Data analysis
3.2.3 Powder X-ray diffraction
3.4.1 Exchange reactions with adipate anions
3.4.2 Exchange reactions with fluoride anions
3.5 Conclusions
3.6 References
4.1 Introduction
4.2 Experimental
4.2.1 Synthesis and characterization of host materials
4.2.2 In situ EDXRD measurements
4.2.3 In situ HTXRD measurement
Anions
4.7 Introduction
Zn2Cr-Tart
4.12 Conclusions
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tesis coprec

tesis coprec

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Published by Lida Vianney

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Published by: Lida Vianney on Feb 11, 2014
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06/30/2014

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