( Orthodox Marxists )
is a sub-type of
which focuses on the dismantlingof capitalismas a way to liberate women. Marxistfeminism states that private property, which givesrise to economic inequality, dependence, politicalconfusion and ultimately unhealthy socialrelations between men and women, is the root of women's oppression in thecurrent social context. It looks at the family in a very negative and critical way.According to Marxist theory, the individual is heavily influenced by the
structure of society, which in all modern societies mean a class structure; that is, people's opportunities, wants and interests are seen to be shaped by the mode of production that characterizes the society they inhabit. Marxist feminists seecontemporary gender inequality as determined ultimately by the capitalist mode of production. Gender oppression is class oppression and women's subordination isseen as a form of class oppression which is maintained (likeracism) because itserves the interests of capital and theruling class. Marxist feminists have extendedtraditional Marxist analysis by looking at domestic labor as well as wage work inorder to support their position.
, a major Marxist-feminist organization, bases its theory onMarx' and Engels' analysis that the enslavement of women was the first building block of an economic system based on private property. They contend thatelimination of the capitalist profit-driven economy will remove the motivation for sexism, racism, homophobia and other forms of oppression.
Critiques of Marxist Feminism