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Beroga issue

Beroga issue

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Published by peptidesynthesizer
Personnel assingment on beroga insinerator
Personnel assingment on beroga insinerator

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Published by: peptidesynthesizer on Oct 06, 2009
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10/06/2009

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MOHD RASHIDI ABDULL MANAPGS 23765Lab Safety AssingmentChemical Waste Disposal and Incinerator in Broga
 
Chemical Waste DisposalINTRODUCTION
The definition of ‘waste’ was originally derived from the EC Waste Framework Directive as‘any substance or object which discards or intends to discard’. A holder means the producer of the waste or the person who is in possession of it, and the means any person whoseactivities produce waste, or any person who carries out pre-processing, mixing or other operations resulting in a change in the nature or composition of this waste.
WASTE MANAGEMENT
 Now day our cities are now grappling with the problems of high volumes of waste, the costsinvolved, the disposal technologies and methodologies, and the impact of wastes on the localand global environment.But these problems have also provided a window of opportunity for cities to find solutions -involving the community and the private sector; involving innovative technologies anddisposal methods; and involving behavior changes and awareness rising. These issues have been amply demonstrated by good practices from many cities around the world.There is a clear need for the current approach of waste disposal that is focussed onmunicipalities and uses high energy/high technology, to move more towards waste processing and waste recycling(that involves public-private partnerships, aiming for eventual waste minimization - driven at the community level, and using low energy/lowtechnology resources. Some of the defining criteria for future waste minimization programmes will include deeper community participation, understanding economic benefits/recovery of waste, focusing on life cycles (rather than end-of-pipe solutions),decentralized administration of waste, minimizing environmental impacts, reconcilinginvestment costs with long-term goals.
 
HANDLING WASTE
Your wastes must be treated in proper way. If not, disaster could occur at your laboratoryThere are a few restrictions during handling the waste:1.Chemical wastes sent for disposal should not be mixed with biohazardous or radioactive wastes.2.Hazardous liquids must not be flushed down drains as a method for disposal. This practice is illegal and may lead to dangerous reactions and damage to the drainingsystem as well as create a potential hazard to trades personnel working on the system.Solid or liquid waste chemicals must not be mixed with general garbage.3.In order to avoid explosions, fires or spills, incompatible combinations of chemicalsmust not be mixed in a single container 4.The waste generator bears the primary responsibility for proper packaging andlabelling.5.If the Manager, Environmental Protection (Hazardous Materials) overseeing thecollection has any doubts about proper labelling or packaging techniques, waste willnot be removed until it is properly prepared.6.Materials requiring special handling include organic peroxides, PCBs[polychlorinated biphenyls] and explosives.
Containers
1.All containers used for storing chemical waste must be sealed and undamaged. Anycontainer not properly sealed will not be removed. (corks or rubber stoppers are notrecommended)2.Liquid waste containers should only be filled to 70-80% capacity to allow for vapour expansion and to minimize the potential for spills occurring from overfilledcontainers.3.Container material must be compatible with the stored chemical waste [eg.hydrofluoric acid cannot be stored in glass containers].

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