Chemical Waste DisposalINTRODUCTION
The definition of ‘waste’ was originally derived from the EC Waste Framework Directive as‘any substance or object which discards or intends to discard’. A holder means the producer of the waste or the person who is in possession of it, and the means any person whoseactivities produce waste, or any person who carries out pre-processing, mixing or other operations resulting in a change in the nature or composition of this waste.
Now day our cities are now grappling with the problems of high volumes of waste, the costsinvolved, the disposal technologies and methodologies, and the impact of wastes on the localand global environment.But these problems have also provided a window of opportunity for cities to find solutions -involving the community and the private sector; involving innovative technologies anddisposal methods; and involving behavior changes and awareness rising. These issues have been amply demonstrated by good practices from many cities around the world.There is a clear need for the current approach of waste disposal that is focussed onmunicipalities and uses high energy/high technology, to move more towards waste processing and waste recycling(that involves public-private partnerships, aiming for eventual waste minimization - driven at the community level, and using low energy/lowtechnology resources. Some of the defining criteria for future waste minimization programmes will include deeper community participation, understanding economic benefits/recovery of waste, focusing on life cycles (rather than end-of-pipe solutions),decentralized administration of waste, minimizing environmental impacts, reconcilinginvestment costs with long-term goals.