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13-585 Amicus Brief of Cato et al

13-585 Amicus Brief of Cato et al

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Published by Equality Case Files
Elane Photography v. Willock (13-585) Amicus Brief of Cato Institute Institute, Eugene Volokh, and Dale Carpenter in support of petitioner Elane Photography
Elane Photography v. Willock (13-585) Amicus Brief of Cato Institute Institute, Eugene Volokh, and Dale Carpenter in support of petitioner Elane Photography

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Published by: Equality Case Files on Feb 13, 2014
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02/13/2014

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 No. 13-585 I
N
T
HE
 
Supreme Court of the United States
 
E
LANE
P
HOTOGRAPHY
LLC,
 Petitioner,
 
v.
 
 V
 ANESSA
W
ILLOCK 
,
 
Respondent.
 On Petition For A Writ Of Certiorari To The New Mexico Supreme Court BRIEF OF
 AMICI CURIAE 
 CATO INSTITUTE, EUGENE VOLOKH, AND DALE CARPENTER IN SUPPORT OF PETITIONER
 E
UGENE
 V
OLOKH
 UCLA School of Law 405 Hilgard Ave. Los Angeles, CA 90095 (310) 206-3926 volokh@law.ucla.edu I
LYA
S
HAPIRO
 
Counsel of Record
Cato Institute 1000 Mass. Ave. NW Washington, DC 20001 (202) 842-2000 ishapiro@cato.org
 
 
 i
QUESTION PRESENTED
Does the First Amendment protect the right of a photographer to refuse to take a photograph?
 
 ii
TABLE OF CONTENTS Page
QUESTION PRESENTED .......................................... i
 
TABLE OF AUTHORITIES ...................................... iii
 
INTEREST OF
 AMICI CURIAE 
 ................................ 1
 
SUMMARY OF ARGUMENT ..................................... 2
 
 ARGUMENT ............................................................... 4
 
I.
 
Under the First Amendment, Speech Compulsions Are Generally Treated the Same as Speech Restrictions ................................ 4
 
II.
 
Wooley
Extends to Photography, Including Photography Created for Money .......................... 6
 
III.
 
Wooley
 Extends to Compelled Creation of Speech as Well as Compelled Distribution of Speech.................................................................... 9
 
IV.
 
The Freedom from Speech Compulsions Extends to For-Profit Speakers .......................... 14
 
 V.
 
The First Amendment Right Not to Speak Cannot Be Trumped by State Laws Creating Countervailing Rights ........................................ 15
 
 VI.
 
First Amendment Protection Against Compelled Speech Extends Only to Refusals to Create First-Amendment-Protected Expression ........................................................... 17
 
CONCLUSION .......................................................... 21
 

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