Double bus with bus tie
This bus arrangement is a logical extension of the single breaker/single bus conceptwith provisions to isolate two bus sections. The installation of a bus tie breaker T cre-ates two bus sections, A and B. Under these conditions a bus fault will de-energize twoline sections while retaining service to the remaining two line sections. This type of installation is used where two lines terminate at one bus. For example, line 1 and line 3would terminate at a common bus and line 2 and line 4 would terminate at a commonbus. Thus the loss of either bus section would not interrupt service to the remote busterminals. However, a circuit must be removed for breaker or relay maintenance and afailure in breaker T will de-energize the entire station.
Figure B2: Double bus with bus tie
Double bus - Single breaker
Fig. B3 depicts the normal setup of a double bus/single breaker scheme. Breakers F1and F2 are served from bus 1 and employ a bus differential arrangement from the line-side CTs of the feeder breakers and the bus 2 side CTs of breaker T. A similar busdifferential arrangement is employed around breakers F3, F4, and T. This bus arrange-ment differs from the double bus with bus tie because it utilizes the tie breaker as aspare breaker when maintenance is to be done on any feeder breaker. A bus fault willde-energize two circuits. Therefore, this scheme is usually used where two lines (ex-ample - F1 and F3) terminate to a common bus. F2 and F4 would also terminate on acommon bus.