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Lecture 09-21-05, Foreign Cultures 63

Lecture 09-21-05, Foreign Cultures 63



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Published by Trip Adler

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Published by: Trip Adler on Feb 20, 2007
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639.21.2005(note: readings to complement the lectures; won’t be systematically mentioned in class)Theme:three time periods (before 1
rev, between revs, after 2
rev) to be studiedshifts in social/cultural trends each timeVideo:1) traditional story – concubine of the Yang dynasty2) modern revolutionary opera during the cultural revolution (Japaneseoccupation)3) modern pop in China by Faye Wong (present day)
Would taking American music from three different historical periods show thesame amount of change?Whyte: recall that during the second period (between revolutions) the other genreswere in accessible (i.e. traditional music was banned, pop was not allowed).Currently, the revolutionary operas have gone out of style.Background:Worlds largest population (1.3 billion)Chinese is the most spoken language in the worldMuch of the terrain is mountains and deserts – therefore most of the population isconcentrated along the Eastern seaboard25% of the world’s population, but only 7% of the world’s arable land92% Han Chinese, 8% national minorities (which live in more-sparsely populated regionsnear the boarders)Many different dialects – mutually unintelligible (although characters areinterchangeable)even within the dialects there are sub-dialects unique to local regions perennial problem with linguistic intercommunication – communists started a program of Mandarin education, but still problemsrice and tea are the dominant crops in the south – wheat and millet are dominant in thenorth; thus, the diets are different depending on the regionChina is still a predominately rural countryMao tried to prevent cities from growing very fast (urban population suppressed)Recent dramatic city growth (35%-40% is now urban) and increased numbers of rural inhabitants are engaged in non-agricultural trades (factories,construction)Divided into 32 administrative provinces; 4 cities (Beijing, Tianjin, Shanghai,Chongging) are treated as provincesHong Kong and Macao are under “one country, two systems”Taiwan ruled previously by nationalists – now a democratic country essentiallyPolitical Order in Late Imperial ChinaQing Dynasty (1644-1911) – Manchu presence after an invasionfocused on traditional Chinese institution

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