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Lecture 09-21-05, Foreign Cultures 63

Lecture 09-21-05, Foreign Cultures 63

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Published by Trip Adler

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Published by: Trip Adler on Feb 20, 2007
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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05/08/2014

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F
OREIGN
C
ULTURES
639.21.2005(note: readings to complement the lectures; won’t be systematically mentioned in class)Theme:three time periods (before 1
st
rev, between revs, after 2
nd
rev) to be studiedshifts in social/cultural trends each timeVideo:1) traditional story – concubine of the Yang dynasty2) modern revolutionary opera during the cultural revolution (Japaneseoccupation)3) modern pop in China by Faye Wong (present day)
question:
Would taking American music from three different historical periods show thesame amount of change?Whyte: recall that during the second period (between revolutions) the other genreswere in accessible (i.e. traditional music was banned, pop was not allowed).Currently, the revolutionary operas have gone out of style.Background:Worlds largest population (1.3 billion)Chinese is the most spoken language in the worldMuch of the terrain is mountains and deserts – therefore most of the population isconcentrated along the Eastern seaboard25% of the world’s population, but only 7% of the world’s arable land92% Han Chinese, 8% national minorities (which live in more-sparsely populated regionsnear the boarders)Many different dialects – mutually unintelligible (although characters areinterchangeable)even within the dialects there are sub-dialects unique to local regions perennial problem with linguistic intercommunication – communists started a program of Mandarin education, but still problemsrice and tea are the dominant crops in the south – wheat and millet are dominant in thenorth; thus, the diets are different depending on the regionChina is still a predominately rural countryMao tried to prevent cities from growing very fast (urban population suppressed)Recent dramatic city growth (35%-40% is now urban) and increased numbers of rural inhabitants are engaged in non-agricultural trades (factories,construction)Divided into 32 administrative provinces; 4 cities (Beijing, Tianjin, Shanghai,Chongging) are treated as provincesHong Kong and Macao are under “one country, two systems”Taiwan ruled previously by nationalists – now a democratic country essentiallyPolitical Order in Late Imperial ChinaQing Dynasty (1644-1911) – Manchu presence after an invasionfocused on traditional Chinese institution

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