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The Development of the Religious Character.

The Development of the Religious Character.

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Published by glennpease

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Published by: glennpease on Feb 14, 2014
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THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE RELIGIOUS CHARACTER. BY THE REV. DR. CHURCH. DEAN OF ST. PAUL'S. Preached in St. Paul's Cathedral, on Sunday Afternoon, August 16, 1885. Psalm cxliii. 10. "Teach me to do the thing which pleaseth thee, for Thou art my God ; let Thy loving Spirit lead me forth into the land of righteousness." The foundations of the religious character, which was to be perfected in the mind of Christ, were laid in faith in God and in the recognition of the supremacy of the moral law. Through ages and generations the Bible sets before us the slow growth, the unfolding and ripening of this character, till, after long preparation, and many steps, and still with many short-comings, it became such that when Jesus Christ came it was able and qualified to welcome Him ; to recognize, however dimly, His Divine glory ; to follow Him, and, from strength to strength and grace to grace, to rise to something of His likeness. In Abraham we have seen the eyes of the soul opened to believe in God, to understand its own relation to Him ; in the dispensation of Moses we have seen the discipline of the law, the acknowledgment of the paramount place of eternal moral truth. We go on from the religious character as shown in the patriarchs and under Moses to the religious character in a more advanced and developed
form as exhibited in the Psalms and the Prophets. A great step has been made, for we have the full birth of religious affection in the Psalms and of religious thought and reason in the Prophets. We see the religious character alive in every organ in the Psalms ; we see it speaking, teaching, judging, warning in the Prophets. Compared with what has been shown so far, it is something new ; it is a form in which we now trace, not only actions and rules and the great rudimentary elements of faith and obedience and reliance on God, 48 The Development of the Religious Character. but feelings, desires, motives, reasonings. It is no longer a view from the outside. In the Psalms we see the soul in its secret workings, in all the variety and play of its many-sided and subtly-compounded nature, loving, hoping, fearing, despairing, exulting, repenting, aspiring — the soul conscious of the greatness and the sweetness of its relation to God, and penetrated by it to the very quick — longing, thirsting, gasping after the glimpses of His goodness and His beauty ; awestruck before the unsearch-ableness of His judgments ; silent before the certainty of His righteous-ness ; opening like a flower to the sun in the presence of His light, of the immensity of His loving kindness. And not only the affections, but the faculties and functions of the reason
awaken and expand. In the Prophets the mind anc 1 / thought of man receive and reflect the truth and the purposes of God. More and more illuminated by Him, the soul looks with new eyes upon the world — its disorders, its greatness, and its future ; it considers the days of old and the years that are past ; it has caught the deep interest of human history, and sees in it the mystery of His providence and government. In His name it passes judgment, it blesses, it condemns ; with His permission and under His leading it dares, amid the darkness of sin and the present and visible power of evil, to go forward into visions of a kingdom of per-fect righteousness; it recognizes the sure signs that warrant its great hopes; it ventures to foretell the conquest of the untamed Gentile world to God ; and thus, to the discipline of outward precept and outward polity, has been added the inner discipline of the awakened heart and intellect, quick to understand the Father's will and to interpret its signs. " I will inform thee " is the promise — " I will inform thee and teach thee the way wherein thou shalt go. I will guide thee with Mine eye." Surely there is nothing more wonderful in the religious history of our race than the interval between the Book of Judges and the Book of Psalms. In Judges we have the picture of a society lost in rebellion and apostacy, of a coarse and "stiff-necked people" whom the law had not curbed even to an outward obedience, whom no deliverance would bring to a better mind. It closes in shame and desolation and blood. Then we come to the Book of Psalms, not yet, of course, all that it was to be, but still, even in its earliest portions, marked with that special charac-ter which gained for the whole collection the name of the "Psalms of

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