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Ethical Advice 218

Ethical Advice 218

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Ethical Advice from Ayatullah Makarim Shirazi


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Ethical Advice from Ayatullah Makarim Shirazi


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Published by: awaiting on Feb 14, 2008
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In the name of All°h, The Most Gracious, The Most Merciful
Topic of Discussion:Topic of Discussion:Topic of Discussion:Topic of Discussion: TheTheTheThe Characteristics of Characteristics of Characteristics of Characteristics of thethethetheTrue BelieverTrue BelieverTrue BelieverTrue Believer :Øad¢th #:Øath #:Øath #:Øad¢th #13131313 [ Discussion #[ Discussion #[Discussion #[ Discussion #11118888]]]]PartPartPartPart VVVV
Lectures on Akhl°q given by His EminenceAyatull°h al-`U®m° al-Ø°jj ash-Shaykh N°•ir Mak°rim ash-Sh¢r°z¢ (may All°h protect him)Translated by Saleem Bhimji – www.al-mubin.org – al-mubin@al-mubin.org
Topic: The Characteristics ofThe True Believer – Part V
nour previous gatherings, we had narrated a ¦¡d¢th from the Noble Prophet (blessings of All¡h be upon himand his family) which he spoke to {Al¢ (peace be upon him) in which he listed the characteristics of the truebeliever. Twenty-two of these characteristics were explained, and today, we go through four more of the 103characteristics.
Text of the °ad¢th:
                  
!  ! 
English Translation:English Translation:English Translation:English Translation:
“(the complete true believer is one who) is sweeter than honey and is stronger than the outside of a rock and who does not expose the secrets that people confide in him and if he himself finds out something about other people, he does not expose this information (either).” 
Commentary of Øad¢th:
The twenty-third characteristic of the true believer is that he is [
]or that
“he is sweeter than honey” 
 meaning that interaction with him is something pleasant. Looking at the lives of the A’immah (peace be upon allof them) especially the life of {Al¢ (peace be upon him), it is commonly known that sitting in his presence and anysort of interaction that others had with him was always something pleasant as he was a person who had a sense of humor and who always spoke with grace.Some people believe that the more holy or pious a person is, the more stern and harsh he must be whereas we seethat the things which actual make a person progress in various areas such as politics, society, culture, etc... andwhich also play a very important role in his life is his pleasant interaction and demeanor with others. Sometimes,the most difficult of tasks can be solved through pleasant interaction that is full of love and tenderness and carriedthrough with a pleasant face. It is through such interaction that the knots of enmity can be loosened and in whichthe displeasures are removed. In addition, the fire of anger can be put out and one in which the chaos andconfusion can be controlled.
The Prophet (blessings of All¡h be upon him and his family) has stated:
% '( )  +- (34  ,5   
“The most (important) of things which will bring my Ummah closer to Paradise are Taqw¡ of All¡h and having a  good disposition.” 
The twenty-fourth characteristic of the true believer is that he is [
]or that
“he is stronger than the outside covering of a rock.” 
Seeing as how sometimes people go to one extreme and think that to be of good charactermeans that a person must give up his rights in the face of his enemy, the Prophet (blessings of All¡h be upon himand his family) has continued his speech by saying that whereas interaction with the true believer and indeed hischaracter is sweeter than honey (very kind and loving), but at the same time he is not a push over. Rather, in theface of his enemies, he is harsher and harder than a rock (meaning that he does not give in).It has been mentioned in the Noble Qur}¡n that the true believer is merciful amongst his friends and fellowbelievers while he is harsh against the enemies and that he is even stronger and more powerful than iron and morepowerful than a mountain:
9:  ;+   9:   
“(The true believer) is firmer and stronger than iron and more powerful than a mountain.” 
 As we know, a mountain and even iron can be molded and cut through however the true believer can never be cutthrough, molded or changed. The true believer must be just as {Al¢ (peace be upon him) was - however there aresome people who bring up the excuse that since by nature, Im¡m {Al¢ (peace be upon him) he was a very jokingperson, thus, he was not able to be the leader of a society - however at the same time, he was also powerful andharsh with others. Of course in those areas where the Isl¡mic laws give the permission, a person must not beharsh and unsympathetic and it has been mentioned that the person who is harsh with others in this world will be judged with harshness by All¡h (Glory and Greatness be to Him) on the Day of Judgment.The twenty-fifth characteristic of the true believer is that he is [
]meaning that
“he does not expose the secrets that others confide in him.” 
What does it truly mean that one does not expose the secrets of others?? Weknow that during the course of one’s life, each person has his or her own secrets which he does not like for othersto know for if they were to be known by others, then this would make life very difficult for him. Thus, if a personwere to relate his secrets to other people and were to tell those people that [
]or that
whatever has been mentioned in this gathering is a trust that you must keep and that no others must know these secrets 
then this mustbe obeyed.It has even been mentioned in the a¦¡d¢th that if a person was to tell you something and while telling you, he keptlooking around him to the left and right to make sure that no one else was listening to what he was telling you,then this is also a sign that what he is telling you is a secret even though he never expressly told you that it wassuch. The secret that another true believer confides is sacred and must be respected just as the blood of the truebeliever is sacred and thus, the secrets that he keeps with you must be kept hidden from others.
Bih¡r al-Anw¡r, Volume 68, Page 375, Section: Having a Good Disposition

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