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Table Of Contents

1. Introduction
1.1 Motivation
1.2 Overview of Work
1.3 Contributions to Advances in (Science and)* Technology
1.4 Related Publications
2. Direct Digital Synthesizer
2.1 Conventional Direct Digital Synthesizer
2.2 Pulse Output DDS
2.3 DDS Architecture for Modulation Capability
2.4 QAM Modulator
2.5 Digital Chirp DDS
2.6 DDS Power Consumption and Spurious Level
2.7 State of the Art in DDS ICs
3. Indirect Digital Synthesizer
3.1 Direct-Form Oscillator
3.2 Coupled-Form Complex Oscillator
4. CORDIC Algorithm
4.1 Introduction
4.2 Scaling of In and Qn
4.3 Quantization Errors in CORDIC Algorithm
4.3.1 Approximation Error
4.3.2 Rounding Error of Inverse Tangents
4.3.3 Rounding Error of In and Qn
4.3.4 Overall Error
4.3.5 Signal-to-Noise Ratio
4.4 Redundant Implementations of CORDIC Rotator
5. Sources of Noise and Spurs in DDS
5.1 Phase Truncation Related Spurious Effects
5.2 Finite Precision of Sine Samples Stored in ROM
5.3 Distribution of Spurs
5.4 D/A-Converter Errors
5.5 Phase Noise of DDS Output
5.6 Post-filter Errors
6. Blocks of Direct Digital Synthesizer
6.1 Phase Accumulator
6.2 Phase to Amplitude Converter
6.2.1 Exploitation of Sine Function Symmetry
6.2.2.3 Nicholas’ Architecture
6.2.2.4 Taylor Series Approximation
6.2.2.5 Using CORDIC Algorithm as a Quarter Sine Wave Generator
6.2.3 Simulation
6.2.4 Summary of Memory Compression and Algorithmic Techniques
6.3 Filter
7.1 Nicholas’ Modified Accumulator
7.2 Non-subtractive Dither
7.2.1 Non-subtractive Phase Dither
7.2.2 First-Order Analysis
7.2.3 Second-Order: Residual Spurs
7.2.4 Non-subtractive Amplitude Dither
7.3 Subtractive Dither
7.3.1 High-Pass Filtered Phase Dither
7.3.2 High-Pass Filtered Amplitude Dither
7.4 Tunable Error Feedback in DDS
7.4.1 Tunable Phase Error Feedback in DDS
7.4.2 Tunable Amplitude Error Feedback in DDS
7.5 Summary
8. Up-Conversion
8.1 DDS/PLL Hybrid I
8.2 DDS/PLL Hybrid II
8.3 DDS/Mixer Hybrid
8.4 DDS Quadrature Modulator
9. Direct Digital Synthesizer with an On-Chip D/A-Converter
9.1 Introduction
9.2 Applications and Design Requirements
9.3 Sine Memory Compression
9.3.1 Exploitation of Sine Function Symmetry
9.3.2 Compression of Quarter-wave Sine Function
9.4 Phase Accumulator
9.5 Circuit Design Issues
9.5.1 ROM Block Design
9.5.2 D/A-Converter
9.5.3 Summary of the DDS Block Design
9.5.4 Layout Considerations
9.6 Experimental Results
9.7 Summary
10.3.3 Phase Offset
10.4 Circuit Design
10.4.1 Phase Accumulator
10.4.2 ROM Block
10.4.3 D/A Converter
10.4.4 Lowpass Filter
10.4.5 Layout
10.5 Experimental Results
10.6 Summary
11. Multi-Carrier QAM Modulator
11.1 Introduction
11.2 Architecture Description
11.2.1 Multi-Carrier QAM Modulator
11.2.2 CORDIC-Based QAM Modulator
11.2.3 Phase Accumulator
11.2.4 Inverse Sinx/x Filter
11.3 Filter Architecture and Design
11.3.1 Filter Architecture
11.3.2 Root Raised Cosine Filter Coefficient Design
11.3.3 Half-Band Filter Coefficient Design
11.4 Multi-Carrier QAM Signal Characteristics
11.5 Simulation Results
11.6 Implementation
11.7 D/A Converter
11.8 Layout
11.9 Measurement Results
11.10 Summary
12. Single Carrier QAM Modulator
12.1 Conventional QAM Modulator
12.2 CORDIC Based QAM Modulator
12.3 Phase Accumulator
12.4 Filter Architectures and Design
12.4.1 Filter Architectures
12.4.2 Filter Coefficient Design
12.5 D/A-Converter
12.6 Implementation with the PLDs
12.7 Simulation Results
12.8 Measurement Results
12.9 Summary
13. Multi-Carrier GMSK Modulator
13.1 Introduction
13.2 Interface
13.3 GMSK Modulator
13.4 Ramp Generator and Output Power Level Controller
13.4.1 Conventional Solutions
13.4.2 Novel Ramp Generator and Output Power Controller
13.4.3 Finite Word length Effects in Ramp Generator and Output Power Controller
13.5 Design Example
13.6 Multi-Carrier GSM Signal Characteristics
13.7 Simulation Results
13.8 Implementation
13.9 D/A Converter
13.10 Layout
13.11 Measurement Results
13.12 Summary
14. Conclusions
References
Appendix A: Fourier Transform of DDS Output
Appendix D: Different Recently Reported DDS ICs
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Published by: Yermakov Vadim Ivanovich on Feb 14, 2014
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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