kilometres (for EOS FPS, UU, APR or L respectively).
All EOS show that neutroniumcompresses with pressure.
A model of a neutron star's internal structureCross-section of neutron star. Densities are in terms of
the saturation nuclear matter density,where nucleons begin to touch. Patterned after Haensel
, page 12Current understanding of the structure of neutron stars is defined by existing mathematicalmodels, but it might be possible to infer through studies of neutron-star oscillations. Similar toasteroseismology for ordinary stars, the inner structure might be derived by analyzing observedfrequency spectraof stellar oscillations.
On the basis of current models, the matter at the surface of a neutron star is composed of ordinaryatomic nucleicrushed into a solid lattice with a sea of electronsflowing through the
gaps between them. It is possible that the nuclei at the surface areiron, due to iron's high binding
It is also possible that heavy element cores, such as iron, simply drown beneath the surface, leaving only light nuclei like heliumandhydrogencores
. If the surfacetemperature exceeds 10
kelvin (as in the case of a young pulsar ), the surface should be fluidinstead of the solid phase observed in cooler neutron stars (temperature <10
.The "atmosphere" of the star is roughly one meter thick, and its dynamic is fully controlled bythe star's magnetic field. Below the atmosphere one encounters a solid "crust". This crust isextremely hard and very smooth (with maximum surface irregularities of ~5 mm), because of theextreme gravitational field.