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The Pearl 1. Choose One of the Novels. What Are

The Pearl 1. Choose One of the Novels. What Are

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Published by: siechingha on Oct 07, 2009
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The Pearl1.Choose one of the novels. What are some lessons that can be learnt from this novel? Support youranswer with close reference to the novel you have chosen.
This novel teaches me the importance of love, patience and courage, when trying to survive in a cruel andwicked world.When Coyotito was stung by the scorpion, we could see that Kino and Juana’s actions were propelled by their love and sustained by courage. First, in spite of the danger to himself, Kino tried to catch the scorpion with his bare hands. Then, they patiently endured their humiliation to beg the doctor to help their sick child.When things went even more wrong, with the people trying to cheat them, and the trackers going after them,the couple’s action and decisions were again based on their love for each other, supported by courage andsustained by patience. When Kino hit Juana in a rage, she patiently bore it. She was not swayed in her devotionto him. Her thoughts were for him, and not herself. When the trackers were closing in on them, Kino wanted tolead the trackers away, bravely sacrificing himself so his family could escape. In response, Juana, in her love for him, refuses to let him make this sacrifice. It took real courage for the woman to be willing to face the eviltrackers. Then, when the child is killed, the couple needed love, courage and patience to go on living as heroes inthe face of adversity.
2.Choose one of the novels. Write about one or two important themes that are expressed in the novel.You must support your points with close reference to the novel you have chosen.
 In my opinion, the main theme of the novel “The Pearl” is its ironical message to poverty-stricken people thatwealth brings evil and that they should just remain poor. Steinbeck presents this message in such a way that we balk at it, feeling its bitter injustice.“The Pearl” is set in a society that is divided into two main groups: the rich and the poor. The rich just want toget richer. For example, the doctor is only interested in treating rich people and later, in order to get the pearlfrom Kino, even attempts to poison the baby. The priest is also only interested in money. He does not marry Kinoand Juana because they cannot afford to make a contribution to the church but rushes to see Kino when he has the pearl. Another example involves the pearl dealers. They play on Kino’s ignorance and the monopolistic situationto cheat him.The poor people, the natives, are exploited by the rich figures of authority such as the doctor and the priest.Furthermore, they are taught that they should remain in their place in society, no matter how lowly it should be.In fact, the priest used to make a sermon ever year that each man and woman was “like a soldier sent by God toguard some part of the castle of the universe. Each must not go running about, else the castle is in danger fromthe assaults of hell.”When Kino finds the “Pearl of the world”, he believes the great pearl is his ticket to a better life. However,having the pearl leads only to a whole sting of disasters – the doctor poisons the baby, Kino stabs a man and killsanother and Kino beats up his wife.To Juana, the pearl quickly becomes evil. She tells Kino “It will destroy us all”. In the end, Kino also realizesthat wealth brings him evil and throws the pearl back into the sea.
3.Choose one of the novels. What moral values or lessons are expressed in the novel you have chosen?You must give details from the novel support your answer.
One of the moral values taught in this novel is the importance of perseverance and tenacity. Kino and Juana facea barrage of problems bravely and can still go on fighting. Juana stands up to fatigue and hunger. In the canoe,Juana paddles like a strong man. Even when their child is killed, they still do not break down or give up.Connected to that is the importance of courage when facing danger. Kino is unafraid of the scorpion’s sting. Heconquers his fear of the trackers and manages to kill them.In times of danger, one must act for the good of other, especially one’s family. Thus is the meaning of selflessness and loyalty. In The Pearl, Kino wants to lead the trackers away from his family so that they canescape. However, Juana, though a woman, refuses Kino’s offer to let them escape because she wants to stay withhim. Even though Kino had hit Juana, she remains loyal to him and wants to save him.Finally, one of the main moral lessons that we should learn is the importance of moral integrity , justice andhonesty. Kino and his family have to face gross injustice. Firstly, from the doctor, who sees the natives only asservants to be exploited, animals to be ignored, or victims to be cheated and robbed; and from the pearl dealers,who try to cheat him. In contrast, Kino, though a poor man, faced with grave danger, maintains his integrity.When Kino’s canoe is destroyed and his life is in danger, Kino still does not even entertain the thought of taking
 
a neighbour’s boat. His strong moral sense stands out in shape contrast with the scrupulous pearl buyers, thedoctor and the other “civilised” men.
4.
Choose one of the novels. To what extent is the theme of 
 Justice expressed 
in the novel you havechosen? Give evidence from the text to support your answer.
 The question of justice, or injustice, forms an important theme in “The Pearl”.Injustice is first shown in the character of the doctor, who is only interested in treating the rich. A society wherethe poor have no access no medical treatment is surely unjust. In fact, the doctor comes from a race which for hundreds of year has oppressed and cheated Kino’s race. Like others of his race, the doctor sees the natives onlyas servants to be exploited, or victims to be cheated and robbed.The theme of injustice is also expressed in the character of the priest, who does not marry Kino and Juana because they cannot afford to make a contribution to the church.The pearl dealers, representing the merchant class, also conduct their behaviour with no regard to fair play or  justice. Their only goal is to get the magnificent pearl cheaply. Playing on Kino’s ignorance and monopolisticsituation, they offer him a paltry sum for his pearl.One of the ways in which Steinbeck makes clear his hatred of the injustice is to contrast the behaviour of the so-called “superior” race with that of the “inferior” one. Think for example, of the occasion when Kino’s canoe isdestroyed and his life in danger, Kino still does not even entertain the thought of taking a neighbour’s boat. Hisstrong moral sense stands out in sharp contrast with the unscrupulous pearl buyers, the doctor and the other “civilised” men.
5.
 Money is the root of all evil 
. Support your answer with evidence from the text.
 “The Pearl” is set in a society that is divided into two main groups: the rich and the poor. The poor people areexploited by the rich figures of authority such as the doctor and the pearl dealers. For example, the doctor is onlyinterested in treating rich people and later, to get the pearl from Kino, even poisons the baby. Next, the priest isonly interested in money. He does not marry Kino and Juana because they cannot afford to make a contribution tothe church but rushes to see Kino when he has the pearl. Then, the pearl dealers play on Kino’s ignorance and themonopolistic situation so as to make as much money as they can.When Kino finds the “Pearl of the World,” he believes the great pearl is his ticket to health, an education, and a better life. However, is brings a string of disasters – the doctor poisons the baby; Kino stabs a man who attemptsto enter his cabin to steal the pearl; Kino hits Juana for trying to throw away the pearl; and finally Coyotito iskilled. Therefore, in this story it is true that money is the root of all evil.
6.Choose one novel. To what extent does this novel express the importance of love? Support youranswer with close reference to the novel you have studied.
The story of “The Pearl” is centred around the life of a family. Kino, Juana and their child, Coyotito. They wereliving an idyllic life, and from the opening chapters, it is said that in Kino’s head there was just one song – theSong of the Family.Then the trouble befell them. When Coyotito was stung by the scorpion, we could see that Kino and Juana’sactions were propelled by their love and concern for their child. First, ignoring the danger to himself, Kino triedto catch the scorpion with his bare hand. Then, they were willing to face humiliation to beg the doctor to helptheir sick child. Then, when they went pearl diving, Juana’s prayer was so intense because her need was so great,the need to help her ailing child.After they found the pearl, somehow Coyotito had recovered. So Kino’s desires change. At this point, he diddesire things for himself, a harpoon, a rife for example, but these dreams paled in comparison to his dreams for a better life for Coyotito. He dreamt that his child would go to school. Juana’s dreams were also centred on lovefor her family – she wanted to be properly married in church.Then, when things went wrong, the couple again showed that their actions and decisions were based on their love for each other. When Kino hit Juana in a rage, she was not swayed in her devotion on him. Her thoughtswere for him, and not herself. When the trackers were closing in on them, Kino wanted to lead the trackers away,sacrificing himself so his family could escape. In response, Juana refused to let him make this sacrifice. Right tothe end, when the child is killed, we can see that the couple’s strong love for each other held them together as astrong family unit.
7.What have you read in the novel that teachers you importance of perseverance? Refer closely to one othe prescribed novels.
 
 
“The Pearl” is set in an unfair society where the rich exploit the poor natives, one of them being the protagonistof the story, Kino.I this novel, Kino and his wife face a host of problems, one after another. Yet, they still manage to find thetenacity to try to solve each new problem, to fight back against their misfortune; to go on.When Kino’s son, Coyotito, is bitten by a scorpion, they steel themselves to go and ask the doctor for help.When the doctor will not treat their baby due to their poverty, they go diving for pearls. When Kino gets intotrouble with the law, he is undeterred – he takes his family and flees. Their canoe and home are destroyed butthey do not give up in despair. He is followed by a pack of armed vicious trackers who intends to kill his wholefamily after robbing him but he does not surrender. He fights them and even manages to escape and kill a tracker.Juana is as tenacious as Kino. When Coyotito is bitten by a scorpion, she applies first aid without losing her head. After being hit by Kino, Juana seems undeterred. She is still loyal to him. She can withstand fatigue andhunger almost better than Kino. She refuses Kino’s offer to let her escape while he faces the trackers alone.Even after their child is killed, Juana and Kino do not give up. At this point, they decide to fight against whatthey feel is the source of their problems – the pearl. Finally, Kino throws the pearl back into the sea.
8.Choose one of the novels. Which character do you like most in the novel? You must give details fromthe novel that you have chosen.
 Of all the characters in “The Pearl”, I like Juana the most. We first meet Juana performing the actions of a verydutiful and obedient wife and mother. She seems a submissive and simple woman. However, we soon learn thatshe can display considerable strength when the occasion requires it.Firstly, Juana possesses physical strength. In the canoe she was like a strong man. Fleeing from the trackers, shecould withstand fatigue and hunger almost better than Kino. Then, Juana remains cool in a crisis. When Coyotitois bitten by a scorpion, she applies first aid without panicking. She is usually the one who jolts Kino into anawareness of the realities of their situation and the action that they must take to save themselves. For example,after he kills the man, she tells him they must flee.Juana is realistic and wise. After being hit by Kino, Juana seems undeterred. She can understand that this is theway a man would react in this situation. Later on, in their bid to escape, she knows that their lives would not bespared by the trackers so Kino’s plan so sacrifice him for them would be useless.Juana is selfless and loyal. After being hit by Kino, Juana is still loyal to him. Later again, she refuses to leavehim and escape – She rejects Kino’s offer to let her and the baby escape while ha faces the trackers alone.Finally, Juana shows tenacity and strength of character. In the end, even when her child is killed, she does not break down or given up. She is strength that holds up her man, Kino.
9.Choose one of the novels. Which character in the novel do you dislike the most? You must supportyour answer with details from the novel that you have chosen.
 Of all the characters in “The Pearl”, I dislike the doctor the most. He is ugly – not merely in his physicalappearance, but more so, in his character. And both his excess wealth and his excess weight come from hiscontinuous oppression of the people.His is a greedy and discontented man, pampering himself with luxurious food and possessions. His greed andmaterialistic attitude can be also seen by how he only treats those who can afford to be treated and demands tosee the money before he treats anyone. Then, when he hears about the pearl, he comes seeking Kino. He is evenwilling to reverse Juana’s healing treatment by giving the baby a dangerous substance.The doctor is grossly immoral. There are references to abortions he performed and he has a mistress in Paris.Even the beggar’s knows of “his ignorance, his cruelty, his avarice, his appetites, his sins”.He is a racist: “The doctor was of a race which for nearly four hundred years had beaten and starved and robbedand despised Kino’s race and frightened it too, so that the indigence came humbly to the door.” He even thinksof the Indians as animals. Referring to Kino’s request for treatment for his baby, he says “I am a doctor, not aveterinary”.
10.Choose one of the novels. Choose any one character from the novel and write about good and badqualities of the character. You must given details from the novel that you have chosen.
 Kino’s good qualities are apparent. Firstly, he is a good husband and father. He does not think twice beforeendangering himself to save his son from the scorpion. In doing this, he also shows his spirit of selflessness, and

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