*** FOR PUBLICATION IN WEST’S HAWAI
I REPORTS AND PACIFIC REPORTER ***
“Makai” means “toward the sea, in the direction of the sea.” State
v. Tagaolo, 93 Hawai
i 314, 318 n.6, 2 P.3d 718, 722 n.6 (App. 2000) (citingM. Pukui and S. Ebert, Hawaiian Dictionary 225 (1979)).
-3-drains water and sediment along contours that form distinctgeographic drainage areas.At the makai
terminus of the Property is Pila
a Bay. Pila
a Beach is a white sand beach approximatelyfifty to one hundred feet wide, bisected by Pila
a Stream. Pila
aBay contains a well-developed fringing reef, extending fromKe
ilu Point on the west to Kepuhi Point on the east. Waveaction over the reef flushes the inner reef area, creating a lushenvironment for a wide variety of marine life. Pila
a Bay’sinner reef is one of only a few shallow reefs on the northeastcoast of Kaua
i protected from ocean swell by an outer reef. Prior to November 26, 2001, Pila
a Bay was well-known for itsstriking beauty and as an excellent site for swimming,snorkeling, fishing, and gathering edible seaweed. According tothe DLNR, the reef at Pila
a Bay was one of the “few remaininghigh value coral reef flats in the state that had largely escapedencroachment from development and stress from improper landpractices.” The reef was “an extremely valuable resource” with awide range of reef habitats, abundant marine life, and almostfourteen percent coral cover.