Public lighting managers have known that they couldlower the operating costs of their systems if they could costeffectively collect the critical data needed to make better planningdecisions. Lighting engineers have conceived of new designs toimprove public safety and reduce energy consumption only to bestymied by an inability to economically control every luminaire inthe system.
This paper describes street lighting control system based onLonWorks power line communication on demand market.
—LonWorks, Street lighting, PLC
HE NECESSITY OF STREET LIGHT CONTROL
treet lighting is used to illuminate the roads we drive on, the pedestrian paths we walk down, and the public areas wherewe gather. It provides us with safe roads, stylish and inviting public areas, and enhanced security in our homes, businessesand city centers. Unfortunately, while traditional publiclighting systems provide significant benefits to all our lives,they do so at significant expense to the community.They’re usually very costly to operate, however, and they usea lot of money that almost 40 percent of a city’s electricityspending.
LECTRICITY USE AND ASSOCIATED
Locationand Number of ResidentsLocation and Number of ResidentsEstimated Number of KWh per Year EstimatedAnnualElectricityCost for StreetlightsEstimatedAnnualCO2Emissionsdue toStreetlights(in tons)U.S.> 68 million > 300 billion> $18 billion> 150millionEuropeanUnion> 90 million > 450 billion> $45.5 billion> 180millionU.K. 7.5 million > 4 billion> $650million> 1.9 millionFrance 8.6 million 5.3 billion$520million583,000LosAngeles(U.S.)220,000 > 100 million> $17million> 60,000Paris(France)170,000 > 80 million> $10.2million> $10.2million
Besides being costly, streetlights contribute to air pollution.The production of electricity needed to power street lightingsystems adds to carbon dioxide emissions (CO2 is the principal“greenhouse gas”) and nuclear dust. Light pollution also has anegative effect on the environment, impacting plants, animals,and people’s sleeping habits. Table 1, provides an estimate of electricity use and the associated CO2 emissions for someareas.The cost and environmental factors described above are pushing cities to find solutions that reduce their streetlightnetwork costs while improving light efficiency and safety. Therising price of electricity is, by itself, responsible for themajority of the increase in streetlight operation budgets. It’snow becoming strategic and compelling for cities to implementsolutions to measure, analyze, and reduce electricity use inorder to reduce energy spending, decrease maintenance costs,challenge their electricity providers, and contribute to thereduction of CO2 emissions, as required by the Kyoto Protocol.II.
The base architecture of street lighting system is shown in Fig.1. The basic architecture consists of an intelligent ballastcontroller with LonWorks Power Line modem, a segmentcontroller device (scheduling/control/data logging/access), power line routers, and software middle-ware that ties thesystems access devices back to service center applications. So,we recommend a monitored streetlight system based on thefollowing components.
Street Lighting Control based onLonWorks Power Line Communication
SungKwan Cho*, Vijay Dhingra***
Echelon Korea Asia Pacific Ltd., 27F WTC Samsung-dong, Kangnam-gu, Seoul, Koreascho@echelon.com** Echelon Corporation, 550 Meridian Avenue, San Jose, CA 95126 USAvdhingra@echelon.com
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