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02 Historical Bases

02 Historical Bases

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Published by Alex

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Published by: Alex on Feb 16, 2008
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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12/13/2012

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Historical Bases11/01/2008 14:05:00
From wireless to Broadcasting
19
th
century wired communication
o
 Thomas Morse
Send the first telegraphic message using electricity,1842
Between DC, and Baltimore
o
Alexander Graham Bell
First to send voice via wire, 1876
o
weakness of wired communication
construction
a long time to build, rights of way, labor
maintenance
wires go out because of weather, electricity, old
development of wireless
o
Maxwell
1864, theorized the idea of radio waves
o
Hertz
1887, demonstrated that Maxwell was right and therewere real radio waves out there
o
Marconi
Non-scientist. First person to send a message throughtelegraphic code, without wires through radio waves
In 1901 sends the letter S transatlantic
 
o
Fessenden
Used the radio waves to send voice
In 1906 from Massachusetts sent a message onChristmas night
o
 Tuning in: DeForest and the Audion
Invented the audion, 1907
Not ready for prime time yet
o
Beyond telegraphy: telephone transmission
From Wireless to Broadcasting
o
Maritime influences
Naval
Securing the seas
Commercial
o
Legal/regulatory
Maritime disasters and the Berlin Conference
Certain frequency bands for maritime and foremergencies
In 1910 the US required all maritime vessels to have awireless radio and an operator on board
 Titanic
o
Big Business: Westinghouse, GE, AT&T, Marconi
 The companies had competing patents
AT&T pretty much owned anything related to telephony
GE was providing the electricity manufacturing
 
Marconi had patented his inventions
Westinghouse had generated a lot of electric power andsupplied a lot of equipment for the navy during WWI
o
World War I (1914 – 1918)
 Training radio operators
10,000 people were trained for wireless radio
Cross-licensing
 The US saw that wireless radio technologies weretoo important and made the licensing able to beused by all the companies
o
 The Creation of RCA
Fear of foreign control
Spy issues, no dependencies.
US Navy Leadership
Participants: Navy, GE, AT&T, Westinghouse
o
RCA Agreement
AT&T Transmitters
GE / Westinghouse – Receivers
RCA – MarketingBroadcasting!
Frank Conrad and KDKA
o
Amateur radio operator that worked for Westinghouse.
o
KDKA was created in 1920. They would publicize andannounce their schedules ahead of time. First commercialbroadcast radio.
 The rapid growth of radio broadcasting

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