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HIV/AIDS are words, which every person in Zambia knows, only, what do they mean? InZambia, HIV/AIDS remains a challenge as it affects families and individuals causing deathand illness. In order to prevent ourselves and the youth around us from acquiring HIV/AIDSwe must have information about it.In this Guide, we will explain what HIV/AIDS is and how we can use this information whilewe educate the children in our football teams and our communities.First, we will describe HIV/AIDS and after this you will find different ways of using thisinformation in your movement games, your education and group discussions. This will be aguideline for you, the coach, trainer or peer educator. Think about your impact on thechildren that you coach, you can educate them! You as a coach for example, can be a rolemodel for the children.
1.1 What is HIV/AIDS?
First, a few facts about AIDS. AIDS is an incurable illness caused by the HIV virus. HIVstands for Human Immune Deficiency Virus, and is sometimes also called the AIDS virus.The virus
breaks down the immune system
. This makes the body more susceptible to allmanner of infections and certain forms of cancer, which it would otherwise be able towithstand.AIDS stands for Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. This means that
a person's immunesystem no longer functions as it should
. This allows the tenacious virus to do itsdestructive work and break down the immune system.If someone is found HIV positive, it does not mean this person is ill. With other words, if someone is HIV positive, it does not mean this person has AIDS.The HIV virus is passed on:
By unsafe sexual contact with a person who is seropositive;
By receiving infected blood;
By using contaminated injection needles;
From a seropositive mother to an unborn child.The HIV virus cannot be passed on:
By casual contact or just by breathing infected air
By sweat, tears or urine
By mosquito bites or other insects