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Metis Guides for Earl Southesk

Metis Guides for Earl Southesk

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The Metis guides who accompanied the Earl of Southesk in his journey through the old Northwest are documented.
The Metis guides who accompanied the Earl of Southesk in his journey through the old Northwest are documented.

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Published by: Lawrence J. Barkwell on Feb 17, 2014
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Metis guides for James Carnegie, the Earl of Southesk
(1827-1905)At the age of 32, James Carnegie, the 9th Earl of Sothes!, tra"elle# to Cana#a from his nati"e S$otlan# in 1859, after %eing a#"ise# that it &ol# im'ro"e his health that ha# #eteriorate# follo&ing the #eath of his &ife e &rote that the reason for his *orne+ &as to, tra"el in some 'art of the &orl# &here goo# s'ort $ol# %e met &ith among the larger animals, an# &here, at the same time,  might re$rit m+ health %+ an a$ti"e o'en-air life in a health+ $limate.he Earl tra"elle# thogh the /nite# States to St al, innesota an# $rosse# the  'rairies, hnting %ffalo along the &a+n Se'tem%er he %egan he tra"elle# ' the Atha%as$a i"er from ort E#monton an# then follo&ing the $4eo# i"er e &ent ' the e#i$ine .ent i"er, &riting that he &as no& entering $ontr+ that, no Ero'ean ha# e"er seen, &here %ears an# &il# shee' &ere $ertain to %e a%n#ant .he+ $ontine# their *orne+ o"er Sothes! ass, an# #o&n Jo% Cree! an# Coral Cree! to the 6ootena+ lains of the Sas!at$he&an i"er "alle+ .hen the 'art+ ro#e ' the Siffler i"er, o"er i'estone ass, an# #o&n the i'estone i"er "alle+ to the o& i"er After $am'ing %elo& Cas$a#e, the+ $ontine# 'ast the remains of l# o& ort an# onto the 'lains
James McKay
 (1828-1879), a tis, 'ro"i#e# gi#e ser"i$e from St al to e# i"er for the Earl of Sothes!,ea# gi#e
John McKay
 o"ersa& all as'e$ts of the tri' e set ea$h #a+:s tra"el s$he#le, negotiate# the 'r$hase of horses an# s''lies, an# han#le# #i'lomati$ #is$ssions &ith irst ;ations 'eo'le orn at ort E#monton, he &as the son of James $6a+, a ighlan# S$ot em'lo+e# on the #son:s a+ Com'an+ <or! %oat %riga#es, an# his tis &ife argerite =la# $6a+ later %e$ame an Angli$an missionar+ &ith the ista&asis Cree ;ation in Sas!at$he&an an# &as a =o"ernment inter'reter at the .reat+ > negotiations in 187> S$ri' affi#a"it for
 McKay
,
 John
? %orn@ 1832?
 father 
@
 James McKay
?
mother 
@ argaret
Gladu
 (tis)? $laim no@ 28>8? #ate of isse@ Se't 5, 1878? s$ri' no@ 12299$6a+s $osin,
James Short
, &as the 'art+:s %est hnter, a 'erfe$t shot &ith either gn, arro&, sti$!, or stone Short, &ith his sho&+ #ashing air, im'resse# Sothes! as rea#+ to #o aght that might %e$ome a man
George Klyne
 %elonge# to e# i"er:s ren$h tis $ommnit+ is father i$hael ha# ser"e# at ort E#monton an# Jas'er ose, &here =eorge &as %orn .he +onger 6l+ne, &ir+, a$ti"e an# $le"er, &as an eB'ert han#ler of horses an# #og teamsSothes! also ta''e# into the lo$al S$ots $ommnit+ orrison $eath:s famil+ ran a <or! %oat freighting %siness onal# atheson ha# hel'e# gi#e mem%ers of the 1
 
alliser EB'e#ition throgh the 6ootena+ asses the +ear %efore As mem%ers of the Sothes! 'art+, the+ assiste# &ith the hnt, hel'e# manage the horses an# $arts, an# ten#e# to the eDi'ment.heir real gi#e, a etis name#
Pierre Numme (Denoummee,
 *oine# them at the C  'ost at ort Elli$e on the Assini%oine i"er, near 'resent-#a+ St 4aare, anito%a Carnegie #es$ri%e# him as Fa Daint-loo!ing ol#ish man, &ith a #ar!, %on+, ren$h-n#ian fa$e, an# long %la$! hairG is e+es &ere so &ea! that he &ore Fhge goggles ma#e of &ire an# glass, &hi$h ha"e a strange effe$t, thro&ing a #ash of the 'e#anti$ into his rogh an# hnter-li!e a''earan$eG.he gro' &as %olstere# %+ the a##ition of oha&! "o+ager .homas Ari&a!enha, a mem%er of C =o"ernor =eorge Sim'son:s elite $or's of $anoe-men e #ro"e the s''l+ &agon an# $oo!e# meals.he final mem%er of the 'art+ &as n$an o%ertson, game !ee'er on Sothes!:s estate
Klyne (Kline, Georges
, 4A (% 1828) =eorges &as the son of i$hel 6l+ne Sr an# Sanne 4a ran$e e marrie# arie $harme #it $6a+ in 18H7 .he+ ha# one #aghter n 18>3, he marrie# for a se$on# time to oniDe erthelet #it Sa"o+ar# .here &ere t&el"e $hil#ren %orn to this nion =eorges famil+ &as enmerate# at em%ina in the 1850 $enss of the innesota .erritor+ =eorges is also liste# in the 185H .reat+ 4ist of the Chi''e&a n#ians of 4a!e S'erior an# the ississi''i At that time he &as li"ing at S$rat$hing i"er n 1859, =eorges, along &ith three other men &ere sele$te# %+ James $6a+ to meet the Earl of Sothes! an# =eorge Sim'son at St al an# es$ort them to the e# i"er Settlement n 18>0, he &as enmerate# in the a!ota .erritor+ $enss an# is sho&n to %e &or!ing as a ferr+man at em%ina e &as im'risone# %+ iel in 18>9 %t es$a'e# e &as a ren$h-s'ea!ing #elegate to the Con"ention of ort+ in 1870, re'resenting ointe I =roette =eorges &as ele$te# to anito%as first legislatre in 1870 to re'resent the ri#ing of St Agathe
John Munro
 &as the son of gh nro an# Sinoahaha (Cree) n 185H, at 4a$ Ste Anne, John marrie# sa%elle ran$ois 4ssier %orn 1828, the #aghter of ran$ois 4ssier an# Elia%eth rnea is se$on# marriage in 188H &as to Christina es*arlais, the #aghter of ran$ois e+asis es*arlais an# E'hrosine Ager John illiam nro &as em'lo+e# &ith the C (185H-187H) on the Sas!at$he&an i"er an# &as a la$!foot inter'reter (1870-187H) at o$!+ ontain ose e &as then a free tra#er (1857-1870) li!el+ on the Sas!at$he&an i"er John eal+ of the tra#ing firm amilton an# eal+ $ame %a$! to ontana in 18>3, *st as rmors &ere $ir$lating a%ot ma*or gol# #is$o"eries on the ;orth Sas!at$he&an 2
 
i"er en retrning from ort E#monton an# o$!+ ontain ose re'orte# goo# $olors %eing fon# in the ri"er an# 're#i$te# that a stri!e &ol# %e ma#e A nm%er of 'ros'e$tors, in$l#ing eal+, got together an# engage# John is$an nro to gi#e them throgh la$!foot $ontr+ to the northern ri"er is$an &as a son of the famos lainsman, gh nro, an# &as &ell !no&n to %oth the ritish an# Ameri$ans n 1859, at ort E#monton, the Earl of Sothes! engage# nro as an inter'reter for his eB'e#ition e &ante# him for his flen$+ in the la$!foot langage as &ell as his familial relationshi's to the la$!footn18>9, the tra#ing firm of amilton an# eal+ mo"e# north from ontana into Fritish  'ossessionsG to esta%lish a fort &hi$h &as %e+on# the *ris#i$tion of Ameri$an athorities 4o$ate# at the $onflen$e of the ell+ an# St ar+ ri"ers, near the 'resent $it+ of 4eth%ri#ge, the 'ost &as originall+ name# ort amilton %t soon %e$ame notorios as ort hoo'-/' n Se'tem%er 22, 1877 John nro an# other etis at la$!foot Crossing 'resente# a  'etition ('re'are# on Se'tem%er 19) to 4ietenant-=o"ernor a"i# 4air# 4ietenant =o"ernor, ;. $on$erning etis lan# $laims nro &as em'lo+e# as an inter'reter for .reat+ Se"en, negotiate# *st #a+s 'rior to this 'etition@ n on#a+ afternoon, Se'tem%er 17, 1877, Commissioners 4air# an# a$leo# met &ith the $hiefs &ho &ere in atten#an$e at the treat+ gron#s James ir#, assiste# %+ John nro an# si#ore St "al, han#le# the inter'reting for the go"ernmentJean 4:ereB, &ho li"e# in Cro&foot:s $am', a$te# for the n#ians althogh his ser"i$es &ere 'ai# for %+ the go"ernment
!eli" Munro !elise (!eli" Monroe
, etis, %orn 1825, #ie# %efore 1885 son ()-gh onroe %orn 178H an# ar+ iegan? *oine# C (18H7-18>1) Sas!at$he&an istri$t, assigne# o$!+ ontain hose (18>0-18>1) eliB nro etis %orn 'ert:s 4an#, em'lo+e# C (18H7-18>1) on the Sas!at$he&an i"er, statione# o$!+ ontain hose (18>0-18>1) as inter'reter, %e$ame a free man in 18>1 eliB onroe, %orn 1825, #ie# %efore 1885 e offi$iall+ marrie# in 1855 at 4a$ Ste Anne, to 4oise Segin #it 4a#erote, %orn 1825, Cm%erlan#, Sas!at$he&aneliB nro &as a tis 'lainsman of ii!ani (la$!foot) #es$ent is father gh ha# $ome &est from ontreal as an a''renti$e $ler! &ith the #son:s a+ Com'an+ in 1815 gh nro &or!e# in the Sas!at$he&an #istri$t for se"en +ears %efore marr+ing Seno'aa!!ii, a ii!ani &oman, an# %e$oming a freeman, or in#e'en#ent hnter an# tra''er eliB, the se$on# of their ten $hil#ren, &as %orn in 1825 at o$!+ ontain oseAlthogh his earliest +ears &ere s'ent &ith the ii!ani, eliB nro gre& ' in $lose $onta$t &ith the Sas!at$he&an fr tra#e is father ha# re-engage# &ith the C from 1832 to 18HH, mostl+ as an inter'reter, an# eliB nro too! a similar 'ath &hen he $ame of age .he +onger nro &or!e# off an# on for the C as a hnter an# 3

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