) to a working-class family on August 29, 1958.
JosephJackson was a steel mill employee who often performed in an R&B band called TheFalcons with his brother Luther.
He later converted to Islam.
From a young age Jackson was physicallyandemotionally abusedby his father, enduring
incessant rehearsals, whippings and name-calling. Jackson's abuse as a child affected himthroughout his grown life.
In one altercation — later recalled by Marlon Jackson — Joseph held Michael upside down by one leg and "pummeled him over and over againwith his hand, hitting him on his back and buttocks".
Joseph would often trip up, or push the male children into walls.
One night while Jackson was asleep, Joseph climbed