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Standards & Its Description Overview

Standards & Its Description Overview

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Published by balakumar12
IT just Gives an Overview of Standard what does it consist of
IT just Gives an Overview of Standard what does it consist of

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Published by: balakumar12 on Feb 18, 2014
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 ASME B 31.3 PROCESS PIPING
The piping which is generally found in petroleum refineries, chemical, pharmaceutical, textile, paper, semi conductor and cryogenic plants, and related processing plants. This section includes a) Acceptable material specifications and component standards, including dimensional requirements & pressure temperature ratings. b) Requirements for design of components and assemblies, including piping supports. c) Requirements and data for evaluation and limitation of stresses, reactions, and movements associated with pressure, temperature changes, and other forces. d) Guidance and limitations on the selection and application of materials, components, and  joining methods. e) Requirements for the fabrication, assembly, and erection of piping. f) Requirements for examination, inspection, and testing of piping.
 ASME B 31.1 POWER PIPING
Piping typically found in electric power generating stations, in industrial and institutional plants, geothermal heating systems, and central and district heating and cooling systems. This Code Section includes:
(1)
References to acceptable material specifications and component standards, including dimensional requirements and pressure-temperature ratings;
(2)
Requirements for design of components and assemblies, including pipe supports;
(3)
Requirements and data for evaluation and limitation of stresses, reactions, and movements associated with pressure, temperature changes, and other forces;
(4)
Guidance and limitations on the selection and application of materials, components, and  joining methods;
(5)
Requirements for the fabrication, assembly, and erection of piping and
(6)
Requirements for examination, inspection, and testing of piping.
 ASME B 31.4 PIPELINE TRANSPORTATIONS SYSTEMS FOR LIQUID HYDROCARBON AND OTHER LIQUIDS
Piping transporting products which are predominately liquid between plants and terminals and within terminals, pumping, regulating, and metering stations.
 
a) Reference to acceptable material specifications
and component standards, including dimensional requirements and pressure-temperature ratings;
(b) Requirements for design of components and as
semblies, including pipe supports;
(c) Requirements and data for evaluation and limitations of stresses
, reactions, and movements associated
with pressure, temperature changes, and other forces;
(d) Guidance and limitations on the selection and
application of materials, components, and joining
methods;
(e) Requirements for the fabrication, assembly, and
erection of piping;
(f) Requirements for examination, inspection, and
testing of piping;
(g) Procedures for operation and maintenance that are essential to public safety; and
(h) Provisions for protecting pipelines from external corrosion and internal corrosion/erosion.
 ASME B 31.8 GAS TRANSMISSION AND DISTRIBUTION PIPING SYSTEMS
Gas Transportation and Distribution Piping Systems: piping transporting products which are predominately gas between sources and terminals, including compressor, regulating, and metering stations; and gas gathering pipelines.
(1)
References to acceptable material specifications and component standards, including dimensional requirements and pressure-temperature ratings;
(2)
Requirements for design of components and assemblies, including pipe supports;
(3)
Requirements and data for evaluation and limitation of stresses, reactions, and movements associated with pressure, temperature changes, and other forces;
(4)
Guidance and limitations on the selection and application of materials, components, and  joining methods;
(5)
Requirements for the fabrication, assembly, and erection of piping and
(6)
Requirements for examination, inspection, and testing of piping.
 API 620 DESIGNS AND CONSTRUCTION OF LARGE, WELDED, LOW-PRESSURE STORAGE TANKS
This standard is based on the accumulated knowledge and experience of purchasers and manufacturers of welded, low-pressure oil storage tanks of various sizes and capacities for internal pressures not more than 15 pounds per square inch gauge.
 
It includes 1.2.1) This standard covers the design and construction of large, welded, low-pressure carbon steel above ground storage tanks (including flat-bottom tanks) that have a single vertical axis of revolution. This standard does not cover design procedures for tanks that have walls shaped in such a way that the walls cannot be generated in their entirety by the rotation of a suitable contour around a single vertical axis of revolution. 1.2.2) The tanks described in this standard are designed for metal temperatures not greater than 250°F and with pressures in their gas or vapor spaces not more than 15 lbf/in² gauge. 1.2.3) The basic rules in this standard provide for installation in areas where the lowest recorded 1-day mean atmospheric temperature is
 –
 50°F. 1.2.4) The rules in this standard are applicable to tanks that are intended to (a) hold or store liquids with gases or vapors above their surface or (b) hold or store gases or vapors alone. These rules do not apply to lift-type gas holders. 1.2.5) Although the rules in this standard do not cover horizontal tanks, they are not intended to preclude the application of appropriate portions to the design and construction of horizontal tanks designed in accordance with good engineering practice. The details for horizontal tanks not covered by these rules shall be equally as safe as the design and construction details provided for the tank shapes that are expressly covered in this standard.
 API 650 WELDED STEEL TANKS FOR OIL STORAGE
This standard is based on the accumulated knowledge and experience of purchasers and manufacturers of welded steel oil storage tanks of various sizes and capacities for internal pressures not more than 2½pounds per square inch gauge. 1.1.1) This standard covers material, design, fabrication, erection, and testing requirements for vertical, cylindrical, aboveground, closed- and open-top, welded steel storage tanks in various sizes and capacities for internal pressures approximating atmospheric pressure (internal pressures not exceeding the weight of the roof plates), but a higher internal pressure is permitted when additional requirements are met. This standard applies only to tanks whose entire bottom is uniformly supported and to tanks in non refrigerated service that have a maximum operating temperature of 90°C (200°F) 1.1.2) This standard is designed to provide the petroleum industry with tanks of adequate safety and reasonable economy for use in the storage of petroleum, petroleum products, and other liquid products commonly handled and stored by the various branches of the industry. This standard does not present or establish a fixed series of allowable tank sizes; instead, it is intended to permit the purchaser to select whatever size tank may best meet his needs. This

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