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Keeping in Touch With the World

Keeping in Touch With the World

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Published by u_m_a_r
Keep in touch with the changing world.Which fields are changing.
Keep in touch with the changing world.Which fields are changing.

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Published by: u_m_a_r on Oct 08, 2009
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12/26/2012

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Keeping in touch with the WorldIntroduction1.The world is ever changing at a fast pace. Every tick of the clock pushes ustowards a new and innovative world of fantasies. The speed of development and progress in all spheres of life is so rapid and perpetual, that one has to constantlykeep himself in touch with the changing world. Otherwise he will remain ignorant,leading him to a bleak and pessimistic end. Nations, who keep themselves abreastin touch with the phenomenal changing world are far more ahead of us. If one hasto survive, he has to keep himself in touch with the world.Aim2.The aim of this presentation is to enlighten you on the different facets anddimensions of this ever changing world.Sequence3.The sequence of this presentation will be as under:-a.Is the world really changing? b.Areas where changes are taking place.c.Impacts of changing worldd.Challenges for use.ConclusionIs the world really changing?4.Analyzing the human history, it is evident that man likes change andinnovation in all dimensions of his life. He hates monotony, which compels him tolook towards something new and innovative. There was a time when man wasliving in caves, but then he made houses. Now he is residing in luxury apartmentsand beach resorts. Similarly the palm islands of Dubai will give the man a chanceto live on the bed surface of sea. A current idea, which will materialize by year 2020 is that man will ultimately start living in the outer space. Americans are planning to build a human colony on the moon. Similarly other dimensions of human life are also faced with the challenge of change. So we can say that ‘yes’the world is really changing and that too at a fast speed. Change is the order of theday and it is vital.Areas where changes are taking place5.There are numerous areas of human life , where changes are taking place.The list ranges from social to technological and from cultural to industrialadvancements. But here, we will only dilate upon the major areas or disciplines asfollows:-a.Political sphere b.Industrial areac.Business world
 
d.Showbize.Oscar Awardsf.Hollywoodg.Motion Picturesh.Telecommunication j.Digital dividek.Genetically Modified Food(GMF)l.Online worldm.Media(Internet, TV, Radio, Newspaper)n.Space Explorationo.Multinational Corporations p.Industrial Revolutionq.Consumer Rightsr.Advancements in Warfares.Cultural changest.Research in Knowledgeu.Noble Prizev.Culturew.Musicx.Environmenty.Ozone and greenhouse affect
Multinational Corporations
A multinational corporation (MNC) or transnational corporation (TNC), also calledmultinational enterprise (MNE), is a corporation or enterprise that manages production or delivers services in more than one country. It can also be referred toas an international corporation.The first modern MNC is generally thought to be the Poor Knights of Christ andthe Temple of Solomon, first endorsed by the pope in 1129. The key element of transnational corporations was present even back then: the Dutch East IndiaCompany was operating in a different country than the one where it had itsheadquarters. Nowadays many corporations have offices, branches omanufacturing plants in different countries than where their original and mainheadquarter is located. This is the very definition of a transnationalcorporation,having multiple operation points that all respond to one headquarter.
 
This often results in very powerful corporations that have budgets that exceedsome national GDPs. Multinational corporations can have a powerful influence inlocal economies as well as the world economy and play an important role ininternational relations and globalization. The presence of such powerful players inthe world economy is reason for much controversy.
Tax competition
Multinational corporations have played an important role in globalization.Countries and sometimes sub national regions must compete against one another for the establishment of MNC facilities, and the subsequent tax revenue,employment, and economic activity. To compete, countries and regional politicaldistricts sometimes offer incentives to MNCs such as tax breaks, pledges of governmental assistance or improved infrastructure, or lax environmental and labor standards enforcement. This process of becoming more attractive to foreigninvestment can be characterized as a race to the bottom, a push towards greater autonomy for corporate bodies, or both.However, some scholars, for instance the Columbia economist Jagdish Bhagwati,have argued that multinationals are engaged in a 'race to the top.' Whilemultinationals certainly regard a low tax burden or low labor costs as an element of comparative advantage, there is no evidence to suggest that MNCs deliberatelyavail themselves of lax environmental regulation or poor labour standards. AsBhagwati has pointed out, MNC profits are tied to operational efficiency, whichincludes a high degree of standardisation. Thus, MNCs are likely to tailor  production processes in all of their operations in conformity to those jurisdictionswhere they operate (which will almost always include one or more of the US,Japan or EU) which has the most rigorous standards. As for labor costs, whileMNCs clearly pay workers in, e.g. Vietnam, much less than they would in the US(though it is worth noting that higher American productivity—linked to technology —means that any comparison is tricky, since in America the same company would probably hire far fewer people and automate whatever process they performed inVietnam with manual labour), it is also the case that they tend to pay a premium of  between 10% and 100% on local labor rates. Finally, depending on the nature of the MNC, investment in any country reflects a desire for a long-term return. Costsassociated with establishing plant, training workers, etc., can be very high; onceestablished in a jurisdiction, therefore, many MNCs are quite vulnerable to predatory practices such as, e.g., expropriation, sudden contract renegotiation, thearbitrary withdrawal or compulsory purchase of unnecessary 'licenses,' etc. Thus, both the negotiating power of MNCs and the supposed 'race to the bottom' may be

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