Body Language & Various Forms Of Nonverbal Communication
individual inter or intra personal relationships. This inscription is present in most synagoguesthroughout the modern world as it was in ancient times.
Conceptualization of Nonverbal Communication & Overview of Categories
Although every day we respond to thousands of nonverbal cues and behaviors, generally it can bederived as the following:
Facial expressions are responsible for a huge proportion of nonverbal communication. The human faceis extremely expressive, able to express countless emotions without saying a word. While nonverbalcommunication and behaviour can vary dramatically between cultures, the facial expressions for happiness, sadness, anger, and fear are similar throughout the world.
Gestures are woven into fabric of our daily lives. Gestures can be either ambiguous or unambiguous.Deliberate movements and signals are important way to communicate meaning without words.Common gestures include waving, pointing, and using fingers to indicate number amounts. Other gestures are arbitrary and related to cultures or regions.
Vocalics / Paralanguage
Paralanguage deals with vocal cues, more accurately referred to as the nonphonemic qualities of language. These include accent, loudness, tempo, pitch, cadence, rate of speech, nasality and tone,insofar as these convey meaning. Vocalics is sub-divided into several categories:
Vocal characterizes include laughing, crying, yawning and so on. These can be associated withculture, such as the different ways various cultures accept the practice of belching.
Vocal qualifiers such as volume, pitch, rhythm and tempo also associated with culturaldistinctions. In Arab culture, for example, speaking loudly connotes sincerity, whereas in NorthAmerica it often is interpreted as aggressive.
Vocal segregate such as “uh”, “mmmm”, “uh-huh” also differ among various cultures and time.
Vocal rate deals with the speed at which people talk. Another factor that offers variousinterpretations.
Chronemics deals with the use of time as an element of communication. Chronemics considers the useof monochronemics (doing one thing at a time, emphasis on schedules and promptness, getting to the point quickly) versus polychronemics (doing several things at a time, emphasis on people and thewhole of relationships). Monochronemics practice or conversation is common in Northern Europe and North America. Meanwhile, Latin American, Asian and Mediterranean cultures are more likely to use polychronemics conversation.
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