Weigh each group of potato slices and record this initial mass in your data table. 6.
Submerge each group of slices in their respective beakers. Note the time. This experiment will run for 90 minutes. 7.
At 15-minute intervals, remove your potato slices and quickly weigh them. Record these masses in your data table. Continue this process until the end of your test time. 8.
When you are done, throw your potato pieces away and pour your solutions down the drain.
Analysis and Conclusions
Calculate the percent change in mass for each of the 6 samples you tested. Remember that a drop in mass is a negative change and should have a negative sign. 2.
Collect the data for percent change in mass of each solution from the other groups, and calculate the averages for each. 3.
Make a graph of the change in mass (y) vs. molarity of solution (x). (This should be a line graph.) You should graph both your data points and the class average data points. You may do this on a computer and submit separately. 4.
From your data, what can you conclude about the concentration of solutes
the potato cells normally? How did you arrive at this conclusion? 5.
Did your conclusions support your hypothesis? If not, explain where the differences might have arisen.
Osmosis in Celery Background
Plant cells are surrounded by a cell membrane just like animal cells, but outside that is a more rigid cell wall. This wall provides strength and structure to the plant, especially in stems (which often must hold the weight of the plant). Because of this, they can withstand more internal pressure from water contained within
called “turgor pressure” –
than an animal cell would be able to survive.
Make a hypothesis about what you expect to observe in celery soaked in distilled water and celery soaked in a high-concentration NaCl solution when you bend them.
Celery stalk soaked in distilled water
Celery stalk soaked in 1M NaCl solution
Remove a stalk of celery from the distilled water, and bend it until it breaks. Record your observations about this piece in your data section (no table required). Note the amount of bend, the force of the break, and the sound produced. 2.
Repeat this step, but this time use a stalk of celery from the NaCl solution. Record your observations.
Analysis and Conclusions
What do your observations indicate about the turgor pressure of each stalk of celery? 2.
Why do you think each stalk behaved as it did in your experiment? 3.
Did your observations support your hypothesis? Explain.