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Geneva Convention of 1929

Geneva Convention of 1929

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Published by ndd616
Geneva Convention of 1929
Geneva Convention of 1929

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Published by: ndd616 on Feb 19, 2014
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Convention Between the United States of America and Other Powers, Relating to Prisoners of War; July 27, 1929
Convention between the United States of America and other  powers, relating to prisoners of war. Signed at Geneva, July 2, !"2"# ratification advised by the Senate, January , !"$2# ratified by the %resident, January !&, !"$2, ratification of the United States of America deposited with the Government of Swit'erland, (ebruary ), !"$2# proclaimed, August ), !"$2.
BY THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICAA PROCLAMATION
WHEREAS, a Convention Relating to the Treatment of Prisoners of War was signed by the respective Plenipotentiaries of the nited States of America and forty!si" other co#ntries, at $eneva on %#ly &', ()&) the original of which Convention in the *rench lang#age is word for word as follows+
Translation
CONVENTION OF JULY 27 !"2" RELATIVE TO THE TREATMENT OF PRISONERS OF #AR$
The President of the $erman Reich, the President of the nited States of America, the *ederal President of the Rep#blic of  A#stria, His a-esty the .ing of the /elgians, the President of the Rep#blic of /olivia, the President of the Rep#blic of the nited States of /ra0il, His a-esty the .ing of $reat /ritain, 1reland, and the /ritish 2ominions beyond the Seas, Emperor of 1ndia, His a-esty the .ing of the /#lgarians, the President of the Rep#blic of Chile, the President of the Rep#blic of China, the President of the Rep#blic of Colombia, the President of the Rep#blic of C#ba, His a-esty the .ing of 2enmar3 and 1celand, the President of the 2ominican Rep#blic, His a-esty the .ing of Egypt, His a-esty the .ing of Spain, the President of the Rep#blic of Estonia, the President of the Rep#blic of *inland, the President of the *rench Rep#blic, the President of the Hellenic Rep#blic, His Serene Highness the Regent of H#ngary, His a-esty the .ing of 1taly, His a-esty the Emperor of %apan, the President of the Rep#blic of 4atvia, Her Royal Highness the $rand 2#chess of 4#"embo#rg,
 
the President of the nited States of e"ico, the President of the Rep#blic of 5icarag#a, His a-esty the .ing of 5orway, Her a-esty the 6#een of the 5etherlands, His 1mperial a-esty the Shah of Persia the President of the Rep#blic of Poland, the President of the Port#g#ese Rep#blic, His a-esty the .ing of R#mania, His a-esty the .ing of the Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, His a-esty the .ing of Siam, His a-esty the .ing of Sweden, the Swiss *ederal Co#ncil, the President of the C0echoslova3 Rep#blic, the President of the T#r3ish Rep#blic, the President of the 7riental Rep#blic of r#g#ay, 8and9 the President of the Rep#blic of the nited States of :ene0#ela,recogni0ing that, in the e"treme case of a war, it will be the d#ty of every Power to diminish, so far as possible the #navoidable rigors thereof an to mitigate the fate of prisoners of war;desiro#s of developing the principles which inspired the international conventions of The Hag#e, in partic#lar the Convention relative to the laws and c#stoms of war and the Reg#lations anne"ed thereto;have decided to concl#de a Convention to that end, and have appointed< the following as their plenipotentiaries, namely+8Here follows a list of Participants9
TITLE I$ %ENERAL PROVISIONS$ARTICLE !$
The present Convention shall apply, witho#t pre-#dice to the stip#lations of Title :11+To all persons mentioned in Articles (, & and = of the Reg#lations anne"ed to the Hag#e Convention respecting the laws and c#stoms of war on land, of 7ctober (>, ()?', and capt#red by the enemy< @(& To all persons belonging to the armed forces of belligerent parties, capt#red by the enemy in the co#rse of military operations at sea or in the air, e"cept for s#ch derogations as might be
 
rendered inevitable by the conditions of capt#re< However, s#ch derogations shall not infringe #pon the f#ndamental principles of the present Convention; they shall cease from the moment when the persons capt#red have re-oined a prisoners!of!war camp<
ARTICLE 2$
Prisoners of war are in the power of the hostile Power, b#t not of the individ#als or corps who have capt#red them<They m#st at all times be h#manely treated and protected, partic#larly against acts of violence, ins#lts and p#blic c#riosity<eas#res of reprisal against them are prohibited<
ARTICLE &
<
Prisoners of war have the right to have their person and their honor respected< Women shall be treated with all the regard d#e to their se"<Prisoners retain their f#ll civil stat#s<
ARTICLE '$
The Power detaining prisoners of war is bo#nd to provide for their maintenance<2ifference in treatment among prisoners is lawf#l only when it is based on the military ran3, state of physical or mental health, professional B#alifications or se" of those who profit thereby<
TITLE II$ CAPTURE$ARTICLE ($
Every prisoner of war is bo#nd to give, if he is B#estioned on the s#b-ect, his tr#e name and ran3, or else his regimental n#mber<1f he infringes this r#le, he is liable to have the advantages given to prisoners of his class c#rtailed<5o coercion may be #sed on prisoners to sec#re information 

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