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The 2014-15 Budget-Governor’s Criminal Justice Proposals

The 2014-15 Budget-Governor’s Criminal Justice Proposals

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The 2014-15 Budget-Governor’s Criminal Justice Proposals
The 2014-15 Budget-Governor’s Criminal Justice Proposals

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Published by: scprweb on Feb 20, 2014
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05/29/2014

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MAC TAYLOR • LEGISLATIVE ANALYST FERBRUARY 19, 2014
The 2014-15 Budget:
Governor’s Criminal Justice Proposals
 
2014󰀭15 BUDGET
2 Legislative Analyst’s Ofce
www.lao.ca.gov
CONTENTS
Executive Summary ............................................................................................................................3Criminal Justice Budget Overview ....................................................................................................5 Judicial Branch ....................................................................................................................................7
Overview ............................................................................................................................................................................7$100 Million General Fund Augmentation for Trial Court Operations .......................................................8 Trial Court Reserves Policy ........................................................................................................................................16
California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation ............................................................19
Adult Prison Population Projected to Increase and Parolee Population Projected to Decline .........................................................................................................20Prison Staffing and Overtime .................................................................................................................................23Academy Augmentation ...........................................................................................................................................31Drug Interdiction Proposal .......................................................................................................................................33Federal Receiver for Inmate Medical Services ...................................................................................................35Capital Outlay ................................................................................................................................................................42
Local Public Safety............................................................................................................................44
Overview .........................................................................................................................................................................44County Jails Grants .....................................................................................................................................................44Requiring Sentences Longer Than Ten Years Be Served in State Prison ...................................................49Changes to Split Sentencing ...................................................................................................................................50POST .................................................................................................................................................................................52
Summary of LAO Recommendations ..............................................................................................55
 
2014󰀭15 BUDGET
 www.lao.ca.gov
 Legislative Analyst’s Ofce
 3
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
Overview.
he Governor’s budget proposes a total o $14.1 billion rom various und sources or judicial and criminal justice programs in 2014-15. his is an increase o $543 million, or about 4 percent, above estimated expenditures or the current year. he budget includes General Fund support or judicial and criminal justice programs o $11.1 billion in 2014-15, which is an increase o $348 million, or about 3 percent, over the current-year level. In this report, we assess many o the Governor’s budget proposals in the judicial and criminal justice area and recommend various changes. Below, we summarize our major recommendations, and provide a complete listing o our recommendations at the end o the report.
rial Court Funding.
he Governor’s budget proposes a $100 million General Fund augmentation or trial court operations. Given the limited availability o resources to help trial courts absorb an increasing amount o ongoing reductions in 2014-15, as well as legislative concerns regarding the likely negative impacts o such challenges on court users, we ind that the proposed augmentation merits consideration. However, we recommend the Legislature deine its priorities or how the increased unding should be spent, consider implementing more operational eiciencies, and establish a comprehensive trial court assessment program. In addition, we recommend that the Legislature modiy the existing trial court reserves policy to address some or all o the unintended challenges resulting rom the policy including issues related to cash low, contract expenditures, uture project unding, and incentives or implementing eiciencies.
Correctional Relie Staing and Overtime.
he Governor’s budget provides a total o $207.2 million in General Fund support to the Caliornia Department o Corrections and Rehabilitation (CDCR) or correctional oicer overtime. Our analysis indicates that CDCR’s overtime budget is unnecessarily large. his is because the department can use savings resulting rom vacant positions to cover some o its overtime costs. As such, we recommend that the Legislature reduce CDCR’s overtime budget by $104 million in 2014-15. In addition, the administration proposes to revise the way it budgets or relie oicers who ill in or correctional employees that are away on leave. However, we ound several ineiciencies in the way CDCR budgets or relie oicers. For example, the department stas relie oicers based on the average amount o leave used by correctional employees annually, despite the act that there is seasonal variation in the amount o leave such employees use. Moreover, CDCR does not make adequate use o Permanent Intermittent Correctional Oicers (PICOs), who also can ill in or absent oicers, but are more lexible and cost less than relie oicers. o address these issues, we recommend that the Legislature direct the department to revise the way it stas relie oicers and PICOs.
 Additional Funding or Jail Construction.
In order to address changes in the jail population related to the 2011 realignment, the Governor’s budget proposes $500 million in lease-revenue bonds or county jail construction projects. However, we ind that the

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