Gravity Retaining Wall Calculator Time-Saver Standards for Landscape Architecture2/19/2014
The resultant force of earth pressure and wall weight (R) is found by the formula:
The point where the resultant force cuts through the plane of the base must bedetermined in order to assess wall stability. The distance between the wall centerline and this point is the eccentricity (e), and is found through the formulas:Sin x =
Where: x =The angle created by the intersection of the resultant force (R)
and the weight of the wall (W).For most stable soil conditions, the resultant force must cut through front part of the middle 1/3 of the plane of the base.
Distance from toe where R cuts through base =#DIV/0!ftBase width of wall =0
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
Testing Wall Performance
Testing for Overturning:
The tendency for a wall to overturn is found by the formula:
Resisting Moment =#DIV/0!ft lbsOverturning Moment =0.00ft lbs
A safety factor of 2 or more is acceptable.
Safety Factor =#DIV/0!
Testing for Crushing (Settlement at the Toe):
The tendency for a wall to settle at the toe is found by the formula:
f=bearing force in kN or psf
W=weight of wall
A=wall base area [width of wall base x 1 m (ft)]
e=wall eccentricity d=footing dimension (base width of wall)
bT K I
R P x Sin
wall of widthBase
3h x Tane
(h/3) x P Arm)Moment s (Wall' x W
d e AW f
P W R
Results are for preliminary design only. All final calculations should be verified by a licensed professional.3