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Pesticide Adsorption and Half Life

Pesticide Adsorption and Half Life

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Information about how to safely and appropriately use and manage pesticides is offered in the Pesticide Education Program Fact Sheets. The series discusses safe and secure pesticide storage, pesticide adsorption and half life, the effect of water pH on the chemical stability of pesticides, laundering pesticide-contaminated clothing, worker protection standards for agricultural pesticides, the endangered species protection program, and pesticide storage facility design and management plans.
Information about how to safely and appropriately use and manage pesticides is offered in the Pesticide Education Program Fact Sheets. The series discusses safe and secure pesticide storage, pesticide adsorption and half life, the effect of water pH on the chemical stability of pesticides, laundering pesticide-contaminated clothing, worker protection standards for agricultural pesticides, the endangered species protection program, and pesticide storage facility design and management plans.

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Categories:Types, Research
Published by: University of Wyoming Extension on Oct 09, 2009
Copyright:Public Domain

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09/28/2012

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 Brassicas show promise for extendingthe grazing seasonand reducing the cost of livestock  production.
Cooperative Extension Service
Pesticide Adsorption and Half Life
This chart lists the soil adsorption coefficient (Koc) and soil half life (T1/2) for commonly used pesticides. A soil adsorption coefficientcan be considered an index for pesticide mobility, but one must alsotake into account a pesticide’s half life. For instance, the top three pes-ticides in the table below have relatively low soil adsorption coeffi-cients, which implies that they have the potential to leach. However,they also have short half lives so generally they do not persist longenough in the soil to reach ground water. Chart numbers are useful forcomparing relative differences between pesticides and should not beconstrued as absolute values.The larger the Koc, the more strongly a pesticide is held to soil or-ganic matter and the less likely it will leach. The Koc value representsthe adsorption of a pesticide on soil normalized by organic matter toprovide a single representation of a particular pesticide for all soils. Forthis reason, the uncertainty could be plus or minus twice the listedvalue.Half life is the period of time it takes for one-half of the amount of pesticide in soil to degrade. Each half life that passes reduces theamount of pesticide present in soil by one-half, i.e. 1 to 1/2 to 1/4 to1/8 to 1/16, etc. Half life can vary due to soil microbial populations,soil moisture, soil temperatures, and other factors. These numbers rep-resent typical values from scientific literature. Non-persistent pesti-cides have a half-life of 30 days or less, moderately persistent pesticideshave a half-life of 30 to 99 days, and persistent pesticides have a half-life greater than 100 days.
 
PesticideEducationProgramFact Sheet
Prepared by
M.A. Ferrell,
 Extension PesticideCoordinator an
S.D. Aagard,
 AssessmenCoordinator,Outreach School
Cooperative Extension Service
Department of Plant SciencesCollege of Agriculture
MP- 93.16
June 2003

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