In both World War I and World War II, the British are generally regarded as the victor of the first major single-day naval battles. However, the two battles have many differences in itsactual significance on both world wars. On the 28
of August, 1914, Commodores ReginaldTyrwhitt and Roger Keyes— reinforced by additional forces led by Vice admiral David Beatty— led a speedy assault towards the major body of the German High Seas Fleet. Surprised andoutnumbered, the Germans fought fiercely but were shattered by the well-planned British forces.Devastated, the Germans suffered casualties nearly fourteen times its attacker before. This battlewas compared to “a dog rush in on a flock of sheep and scatter them” by the magazine
The American Review of Reviews
in 1914 and proved vital to the British in World War I by creatingdifficulty in future mobilization of the German fleet
. On the other hand, the Battle of the River Plate was victorious for the British in terms of the speedy mobilization of reinforcements despitethe heavy losses so “Commodore Harwood’s tactics proved advantageous” according toEngland’s First Lord of the Admiralty Winston Churchill
. In both battles, the Britishoverpowered the German’s significant technological developments with their advanced rapidmobilization and war strategies.The aggressive Anglo-German naval arms race around the North Sea as well as the newlydeveloped war strategies has resulted from
competition of building huge battleships like theDreadnought, [with 10 12-inch guns], because of the ambition of the jealous Kaiser Wilhelm IIand demand from a group in Germany that supported the idea of building up a strong navalforce.”
Britain became determined to “maintain its dominance of the seas [that has begin]
Shaw, Albert. "The Battle of Heligoland Bight."
American Review of Reviews
(July-December 1914) 485.
The Second World War: The Gathering Storm
(London: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1986)466.
Seung-young, Kim. "Learn from Europe's past."
The International Institute For Strategic Studies JoongAng Daily
.26 Feb 2006. 21 Dec 2009 <http://www.iiss.org/whats-new/iiss-in-the-press/press-coverage-2006/february-2006/learn-from-europes-past/>.